Copies versus Cognates in Bound Morphology


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Genealogical linguistics and areal linguistics are rarely treated from an integrated perspective even if they are twin faces of diachronic linguistics. In Copies versus Cognates in Bound Morphology Lars Johanson and Martine Robbeets take up this challenge. The result is a wealth of empirical facts and different theoretical approaches, advanced by internationally renowned specialists and young scholars whose research is highly pertinent to the topic.

Copies versus Cognates in Bound Morphology puts genealogical and areal explanation for shared morphology in a balanced perspective and works out criteria to distinguish between morphological cognates and copies. Lars Johanson and Martine Robbeets provide nothing less than the foundations for a new perspective on diachronic linguistics between genealogical and areal linguistics.

Contributors include: Alexandra Aikhenvald, Ad Backus, Dik Bakker, Peter Bakker, Éva Csató, Stig Eliasson, Victor Friedman, Francesco Gardani, Anthony Grant, Salomé Gutiérrez-Morales, Tooru Hayasi, Ewald Hekking, Juha Janhunen, Lars Johanson, Brian Joseph, Folke Josephson, Judith Josephson, Johanna Nichols, Martine Robbeets, Marshall Unger, Nikki van de Pol, Anna Verschik, Lindsay Whaley.

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Lars Johanson, is professor in Turcology at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the University of Mainz, Germany. He has published extensively on synchronic and diachronic linguistics, especially in the domains of aspect-mood-tense, language contact, and language typology.
Martine Robbeets, Ph.D. (2003), University of Leiden, holds a DFG fellowship at the University of Mainz. Her research is on morphological reconstruction and on the genealogical relationship of Japanese with the Transeurasian languages, areas in which she has several publications.
About the Contributors

Part I: Theoretical and typological issues
1. Bound morphology in common: copy or cognate?
Lars Johanson & Martine Robbeets
2. Non-borrowed non-cognate parallels in bound morphology: Aspects of the phenomenon of shared drift with Eurasian examples
Juha Janhunen
3. Selection for m: T pronominals in Eurasia
Johanna Nichols
4. Plural across inflection and derivation, fusion and agglutination
Francesco Gardani
5. Bound morphology in English (and beyond): copy or cognate?
Anthony Grant
6. Copiability of (bound) morphology
Ad Backus & Anna Verschik
7. A variationist solution to apparent copying across related languages
Brian D. Joseph

Part II: Case Studies
IIa America
8. 'Invisible' loans: How to borrow a bound form
Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
9. Constraints on morphological borrowing: Evidence from Latin America
Dik Bakker & Ewald Hekking
10. Morphological borrowing in Sierra Popoluca
Salomé Gutiérrez-Morales
11. Cognates versus copies in North America: New light on the old discussion on diffusion versus inheritance
Peter Bakker

IIb Eurasia
12. On the degree of copiability of derivational and inflectional morphology: Evidence from Basque
Stig Eliasson
13. Between copy and cognate: the origin of absolutes in Old and Middle English
Nikki van de Pol
14. Copying and cognates in the Balkan Sprachbund
Victor A. Friedman
15. Transfer of morphemes and grammatical structure in Ancient Anatolia
Folke Josephson
16. The historical background of the transfer of a Kurdish bound morpheme to Neo-Aramaic
Judith Josephson
17. On the sustainability of inflectional morphology
Éva Á. Csató
18. Foreign and indigenous properties in the vocabulary of Eynu, a secret language spoken in the south of Taklamakan
Tooru Hayasi
19. Deriving insights about Tungusic classification from derivational morphology
Lindsay Whaley
20. The likelihood of morphological borrowing: The case of Korean and Japanese
J. Marshall Unger
21. Shared verb morphology in the Transeurasian languages: copy or cognate?
Martine Robbeets

Language Index
Subject Index
Scholars, researchers, advanced students, libraries and institutes concerned with linguistic reconstruction, language contact and linguistic typology, and anyone interested in diachronic morphology.
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