This volume examines continuities and new developments in the conduct of warfare in early modern Eastern Europe from the early sixteenth century, when Ottoman imperial expansion reached the Danube and Crimea, to the late eighteenth century, when the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was partitioned out of existence and Russia rolled back Ottoman power from Ukraine and Moldavia. Contributors include specialists in Russian, Polish, Ottoman, Habsburg, Cossack, and Crimean Tatar history. The essays engage military history understood in the broadest sense and treat such subjects as taxation, recruitment, the sociology and culture of officer corps, logistics, command-and-control, and ideology as well as technology and tactics. The volume aims at facilitating comparative study of Eastern European military development across Eastern Europe and its points of divergence from military practice in the West.
Contributors are Virginia H. Aksan, Brian J. Boeck, Peter B. Brown, Brian Davies, Dariusz Kupisz, Erik Lund, Janet Martin, Oleg Nozdrin, Victor Ostapchuk, Geza Palffy and Carol Belkin Stevens.
Brian L. Davies, Ph.D. (1983) in History, University of Chicago, is Professor of History at the University of Texas at San Antonio. A specialist in early modern Russian history; he has published State Power and Community in Early Modern Russia (2004) and Warfare, State and Society on the Black Sea Steppe (2007).
Introduction ... 1
Economic Effectiveness of the Muscovite Pomest’e System: An Examination of Estate Incomes and Military Expenses in the Mid-16th Century...19
The Habsburg Defense System in Hungary Against the Ottomans in the Sixteenth Century: A Catalyst of Military Development in Central Europe ...35
Géza Pálff y
The Polish-Lithuanian Army in the Reign of King Stefan Bathory (1576–1586) ...63
Guliai-gorod, Wagenburg, and Tabor Tactics in 16th–17th Century Muscovy and Eastern Europe ...93
The Flodorf Project: Russia in the International Mercenary Market in the Early Seventeenth Century ...109
Oleg A. Nozdrin
Food and Supply: Logistics and the Early Modern Russian Army ...119
Carol B. Stevens
Crimean Tatar Long-Range Campaigns: The View from Remmal Khoja’s History of Sahib Gerey Khan ...147
The Siege of Azov in 1641: Military Realities and Literary Myth ...173
Brian J. Boeck
The Generation of 1683: The Scientifi c Revolution and Generalship in the Habsburg Army, 1686–1723 ...199
Erik A. Lund
Command and Control in the Seventeenth-Century Russian Army ...249
Peter B. Brown
Ottoman Military Power in the Eighteenth Century ...315
List of Contributors ...349
All those interested in early modern military history and the political history of Eastern Europe.