Marxism in a Lost Century

A Biography of Paul Mattick


Marxism in a Lost Century retells the history of the radical left during the twentieth century through the words and deeds of Paul Mattick. An adolescent during the German revolutions that followed World War I, he was also a recent émigré to the United States during the 1930s Great Depression, when the unemployed groups in which he participated were among the most dynamic manifestations of social unrest. Three biographical themes receive special attention -- the self-taught nature of left-wing activity, Mattick’s experiences with publishing, and the nexus of men, politics, and friendship. Mattick found a wide audience during the 1960s because of his emphasis on the economy’s dysfunctional aspects and his advocacy of workplace councils—a popularity mirrored in the cyclical nature of the global economy.

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Preliminary Material
Pages: i–xvi
1 Introduction
Pages: 1–5
3 Young Radicals
Pages: 25–35
5 New Worlds
Pages: 55–69
8 The Independent Left
Pages: 121–135
10 Towards War
Pages: 159–179
11 End of an Era
Pages: 180–201
12 The War Years
Pages: 202–218
13 New York City
Pages: 219–235
14 Quiet Times
Pages: 236–265
15 Rekindling
Pages: 266–280
16 Reception
Pages: 281–297
17 Winding Down
Pages: 298–310
Pages: 311–312
Works Cited
Pages: 313–327
Pages: 328–342
Gary Roth is a Lecturer at Rutgers University-Newark and co-author (with Anne Lopes) of Men’s Feminism: August Bebel and the German Socialist Movement (Humanity Books, 2000).
"Just as all good biographies transcend their immediate subject matter and illuminate more enduring truths, so too does Roth's recounting of Mattick's life disclose much about the biases and prejudices within intellectual and political circles on the left, both then and now. [...] Marxism in a Lost Century illuminates as much about ourselves and the world within which left intellectuals circulate today as it does about the world of this remarkable Marxist thinker."
- Thom Workman (University of New Brunswick), in Marx and Philosophy Review of Books, 23 July 2016

"Gary Roths biographische Studie über Paul Mattick basiert wesentlich auf dem umfangreichen, im Amsterdamer Institut für Sozialgeschichte (IISG) aufbewahrten Nachlass, insbesondere auf der überlieferten Korrespondenz, die nahezu 2000 Briefe umfasst; außerdem nutzte Roth die Gelegenheit zur Befragung von Zeitzeugen, insbesondere Matticks zweiter Frau Ilse Mattick und den Sohn Paul Mattick Jr. , der auch die letzte Schrift seines Vaters „Marxism. Last Refuge of the Bourgoisie?“ 1983, zwei Jahre nach dem Tod des Autors 1981 posthum herausbrachte (während eine deutsche Ausgabe leider nach wie vor aussteht). Roth erzählt das Leben Matticks faktisch aus Sicht und politischer Perspektive von Mattick selbst; damit gelingt ihm eine mit vielen Einzelheiten und zuweilen auch überflüssigen Informationen gefüllte lebendige Darstellung, die es zu lesen durchaus lohnt."
- Michael Buckmiller (Leibniz Universität Hannover), The International Newsletter of Communist Studies, Vol. 22-23 (2016/17), Nos. 29-30, pp. 108 - 110

"In his new biography of Paul Mattick, a German-born worker who immigrated to the United States in 1926 and later emerged as one of the most important radical critics of his time, Gary Roth tells the story of a largely forgotten current in the 20th century that early on made a rupture with the statist caricatures of communism to which today’s media-savvy leftist intellectuals are still holding fast.1 Noting that this story is about “bygone eras in which a radicalized working class still constituted a hope for the future,” Roth steers clear of melancholy and nostalgia, instead seeking a justification for his work in the more recent reconfiguration "of the world’s population into a vast working class that extends into the middle classes in the industrialized countries and the pools of underemployed agricultural workers everywhere else"."

- Felix Baum, The Brooklyn Rail, December 9th, 2015

"Besides its political and theoretical content, Roth’s biography of Mattick is of great human interest. It tells us a lot about what life was like at various times for working people in both Germany and the United States. The book is worth reading for that alone."
- In: Socialist Standard, February 2016

"Gary Roth’s Marxism in a Lost Century provides a vivid and fascinating account of the life of Paul Mattick, and in so doing presents a history of the twentieth-century left from the perspective of one of its underappreciated protagonists. [...] By shining light on an extraordinary and neglected Marxist, Roth’s book is an important contribution to Marxist scholarship and deserves to be widely read."
- Robin Hurlstone, International Socialist Review, Issue 101
List of Photos
List of Abbreviations
About the Notes

1. Introduction

2. Children at Work and War
2.1 At Home
2.2 Protest and Revolution
2.3 Revolution in Retreat

3. Young Radicals
3.1 March 1920
3.2 KAPD

4. Between Berlin and Cologne
4.1 Bouts of Unemployment
4.2 Movement in Decline
4.3 Older Friends

5. New Worlds
5.1 Voyages
5.2 Work and Writing
5.3 Amalgamation

6. Chicago in the Depression
6.1 Opening Years
6.2 Opposition and Accusations
6.3 Across the Country
6.4 Crisis Theory

7. The Unemployed Movement
7.1 The Workers League
7.2 Federation and Party
7.3 Fascism’s Initial Impact
7.4 The German Émigré Community

8. The Independent Left
8.1 German to English
8.2 Editors’ Reluctance

9. International Council Correspondence
9.1 Pamphlets and Authors
9.2 The Inevitability of Communism
9.3 Mid-Decade

10. Towards War
10.1 International Developments
10.2 Opportunities
10.3 Living Marxism

11. End of an Era
11.1 Self-Reflections
11.2 Anti-Fascism

12. The War Years
12.1 Relationships
12.2 New Essays
12.3 Leaving Chicago

13. New York City
13.1 Isolation
13.2 Travelling to Berlin

14. Quiet Times
14.1 Writers’ Bloc
14.2 Back to Nature
14.3 Boston

15. Rekindling
15.1 Recent Admirers
15.2 A New Left

16. Reception
16.1 Discovery in Germany
16.2 From Marx and Keynes to Roskilde

17. Winding Down
17.1 Last Years
17.2 Illness

Works Cited
Appropriate for readers interested in social movements, the history of the twentieth century, left politics and theory, workers councils, Marxism, and the working class political behavior.
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