A Companion to the Huguenots


The Huguenots are among the best known of early modern European religious minorities. Their suffering in 16th and 17th-century France is a familiar story. The flight of many Huguenots from the kingdom after 1685 conferred upon them a preeminent place in the accounts of forced religious migrations. Their history has become synonymous with repression and intolerance. At the same time, Huguenot accomplishments in France and the lands to which they fled have long been celebrated. They are distinguished by their theological formulations, political thought, and artistic achievements. This volume offers an encompassing portrait of the Huguenot past, investigates the principal lines of historical development, and suggests the interpretative frameworks that scholars have advanced for appreciating the Huguenot experience.

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Raymond A. Mentzer, Ph.D. (1973) in History, University of Wisconsin, is Professor of Religious Studies and History at the University of Iowa. His most recent book is Les registres des consistoires des Églises réformées de France, XVIe-XVIIe siècles. Un inventaire (2014).

Bertrand Van Ruymbeke, Ph.D. (1995), is Professor of American civilization at the Université de Paris 8 and member of the Institut Universitaire de France. He is the author of L’Amérique avant les Etats-Unis (2013), From New Babylon to Eden (2006), and co-editor of Naissance de l’Amérique du Nord (2008), Constructing Early Modern Empires (2007), Les Huguenots et l’Atlantique (2009-12), and Memory and Identity (2003).
“an absorbing and informative read and a very useful addition to my bookshelf.” - Jane McKee, Ulster University, in: Huguenot Society Journal, 2017, pp. 721-722
“a clear overview of the current state of affairs of Huguenot research [….]. The companion offers a wide perspective on Huguenot history for a nonspecialist readership.” - David Onnekink, Utrecht University, in: Renaissance Quarterly 71.2 (Summer 2018), pp. 768-769
“This is an important new collection that should be of great interest to those who study early modern history, not just Huguenot specialists but wider audiences too.” - Nicholas Must, Wilfrid Laurier University, in: Journal of Jesuit Studies 4.1 (2017), pp. 125-127
“Für die wissenschaftliche Beschäftigung mit den Hugenotten ebenso wie für die Migrationsforschung der Frühen Neuzeit wird man auf das Buch künftig kaum verzichten können.” - Alexander Schunka, Freie Universität Berlin, in: Historische Zeitschrift, Bd. 307 (2018), pp. 833-834
List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: Raymond A. Mentzer and Bertrand Van Ruymbeke

Part One: France
1 Organizing the Churches and Reforming Society
Philippe Chareyre and Raymond Mentzer
2 Doctrine and Liturgy of the Reformed Churches of France
Marianne Carbonnier-Burkard
3 Huguenot Political Thought and Activities
Hugues Daussy
4 Pacifying the Kingdom of France at the Beginning of the Wars of Religion: Historiography, Sources, and Examples
Jérémie Foa
5 Women in the Huguenot Community
Amanda Eurich
6 Pulpit and Pen: Pastors and Professors as Shapers of the Huguenot Tradition
Karin Maag
7 The Huguenots and Art, c. 1560–1685
Andrew Spicer
8 The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes and the Désert
Didier Boisson

Part Two: The Diaspora
9 Diasporic Networks and Immigration Policies
Susanne Lachenicht
10 Assimilation and Integration
Myriam Yardeni
11 Sociolinguistics of the Huguenot Communities in German-Speaking Territories
Manuela Böhm
12 Huguenot Memoirs
Carolyn Chappell Lougee
13 Histories of Martyrdom and Suffering in the Huguenot Diaspora
David van der Linden
14 Huguenot Congregations in Colonial New York and Massachusetts: Reassessing the Paradigm of Anglican Conformity
Paula Carlo
15 The Huguenot Refuge and European Imperialism
Owen Stanwood
16 Le Refuge: History and Memory from the 1770s to the Present
Bertrand Van Ruymbeke




Andrew Spicer, The Huguenots and Art, c. 1560-1685
1. Jean Perrissin, The Massacre at Tours, July 1562. (© Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam)
2. Jean Perrissin ( ?), Temple of Lyon. [Courtesy of BGE (Bibliothèque de Genève), Centre d'iconographie genevoise]
3. François Dubois, The Massacre of St Bartholomew, (c. 1572–1584). (Courtesy of Musée cantonal des Beaux-Arts de Lausanne. Don de la Municipalité de Lausanne, 1862. Inv. 729. Photo: N. Rupp)
4. Jacques le Moyne de Morgues, Laudonnierus et rex athore ante columnam a praefecto prima navigatione locatam quamque venerantur floridenses. (Courtesy of the Print Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lennox and Tilden Foundations)
5. Jacques le Moyne, Studies of Flowers: A Rose, a Heartsease, a Sweet Pea, a Garden Pea, and a Lax-flowered Orchid. (Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
6. Sébastien Bourdon, Crucifixion of St Andrew. (Courtesy of the Palais des Beaux-Arts, Lille. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais / René-Gabriel Ojéda)
7. Sébastien Bourdon, Solomon’s Sacrifices to the Idols. [Courtesy of the Musée du Louvre, Paris. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (musée du Louvre) / Stéphane Maréchalle]
8. Jacob Bunel, Henry IV. [Courtesy of the Musée du Louvre, Paris. D.A.G. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (musée du Louvre) / Michèle Bellot]
9. Jean Morin after Ferdinand Elle, Henry IV. (Ailsa Mellon Bruce Fund, Accession No.1984.25.20. Courtesy National Gallery of Art, Washington)
10. Ferdinand Elle, Louis XIII. (Courtesy Chiswick House, London. © English Heritage)
11. Ferdinand Elle, Anne of Austria. (Courtesy of Chiswick House, London. © English Heritage)
12. Henri Testelin, Louis XIV. [Courtesy of Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, Versailles. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (Château de Versailles) / Gérard Blot]
13. Louis Du Guernier, Miniature of James II, later King of England, as a Young Man (1656). (© Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam)
14. Robert Nanteuil after Sébastien Bourdon, Queen Christina of Sweden. (© Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam)
15. Sébastien Bourdon, Queen Christina of Sweden. (Courtesy of Prado Museum, Madrid. Photo © Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Dist. RMN-GP / image du Prado)
16. Louis Ferdinand Elle, Samuel Bernard. [Courtesy of Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, Versailles. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (Château de Versailles) / Daniel Arnaudet / Jean Schormans]
17. Louise Moillon, Plate of Cherries, Grapes and a Melon. [Courtesy of Musée du Louvre, Paris. Photo © RMN-Grand Palais (musée du Louvre) / Michel Urtado]
18. Jacques Rousseau, Preliminary sketch for painted decoration probably for a drum or building of circular plan in the Great Greenhouse or the Orangery at the Chateau of St. Cloud in France. (© V&A)
19. Louis Testelin, The Holy Family with St Anne. (Ailsa Mellon Bruce Fund2014.37.4. Courtesy of the National Gallery of Art, Washington)
20. Abraham Bosse, Benediction of the Table. (© Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam)
21. Abraham Bosse, The Wise Virgins at their Devotions. (Ailsa Mellon Bruce Fund 2003.127.1.1. Courtesy of the National Gallery of Art, Washington)
22. Abraham Bosse, Vows of the King and Queen to the Virgin. (Courtesy of The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1951, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
23. Abraham Bosse, David with the head of Goliath, (Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1917, Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)

David van der Linden, Histories of Martyrdom and Suffering in the Huguenot Diaspora
1. Frontispiece of Pierre Jurieu’s Histoire du Calvinisme, depicting the crucifixion of the true Church in the form of a woman. (Courtesy of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague, KW 1791 F 101)
2. Frontispiece to the first volume of the Histoire de l’Edit de Nantes, depicting French Protestantism as a woman assailed from all sides. [Courtesy of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague, KW 3067 A 1 (1)]
3. Jan Luyken, The whipping of Louis de Neuville in Orange, engraving from Elie Benoist, Historie der Gereformeerde Kerken van Vrankryk (Amsterdam: 1696), vol. 2. (Courtesy of University Library Leiden, BWA 147)

All interested in the French Reformation and the Huguenot Diaspora, in Protestant history, Atlantic history, migration history and French history.
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