Every language has a way of talking about seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting and touching. In about a quarter of the world's languages, grammatical evidentials express means of perception. In some languages verbs of vision subsume cognitive meanings. In others, cognition is associated with a verb of auditory perception, touch, or smell. 'Vision' is not the universally preferred means of perception. In numerous cultures, taboos are associated with forbidden visual experience. Vision may be considered intrusive and aggressive, and linked with power. In contrast, 'hearing' and 'listening' are the main avenues for learning, understanding and 'knowing'. The studies presented in this book set out to explore how these meanings and concepts are expressed in languages of Africa, Oceania, and South America.
Alexandra Aikhenvald (PhD 1984, DLitt 2006), James Cook University, is Distinguished Professor and Australian Laureate Fellow. She published numerous articels and monographs on languages of Papua New Guinea and South America, and on perception and cognition, including Evidentiality (Oxford University Press, 2004) and Languages of the Amazon (Oxford University Press, 2012).
Anne Storch (PhD 1999), University of Cologne, is Full Professor of African Languages and Linguistics at the University of Cologne. She published on various languages of West and East-Central Africa and on African speech registers, including Secret Manipulations (Oxford University Press, 2011). Her book on Repertoires and Choices in African Languages, co-authored by Friederike Lüpke, is in print.
Contributors include Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, Anne Storch; Christa König; Willem F.H. Adelaar, Lourens de Vries, Matthias Brenzinger, Anne Maria Fehn, Angelika Jakobi, El-Shafie El-Guzuuli, Gertrud Schneider-Blum, Gerrit J. Dimmendaal, and Marilena Thanassoula.
"This book is an important contribution to deeper understanding of the linguistic expression of sensory perception and its correlation with cognition and culture. It brings fresh and diverse questions and approaches that in due time will help refine and expand previous research." – Thiago Costa Chacon, University of California, Santa Barbara, on Linguist List
List of tables, maps and figures
1. Linguistic expression of perception and cognition: a typological glimpse
Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and Anne Storch
2. Knowing, smelling and telling tales in Luwo
3. Source of information and unexpected information in !Xun — evidential, mirative
and counterexpectation markers
4. A Quechuan mirative?
Willem F.H. Adelaar
5. Seeing, hearing and thinking in Korowai, a language of West Papua
Lourens de Vries
6. Perception and cognition in Manambu, a Papuan language from New Guinea
Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
7. From body to knowledge: perception and cognition in Khwe-||Ani (Central Khoisan)
Matthias Brenzinger and Anne Maria Fehn
8. Perception verbs and their semantics in Dongolawi (Nile Nubian)
Angelika Jakobi and El-Shafie El-Guzuuli
9. Excite your senses — glances into the field of perception and cognition in Tima
Gertrud Schneider-Blum and Gerrit J. Dimmendaal
10. Perception in Lussese (Bantu, J10)
General linguists interested in linguistic expression of perception and cognition and grammatical structures, experts in languages of Africa, Oceania and South America, and also philosophers, anthropologusts and psychologists