Based on a multidisciplinary analysis, the book presents a contemporary view of the main challenges facing regional development and regional policy in Central and Eastern Europe, particularly considering to what extent domestic and non-domestic legacies have affected the regionalization process in this area. The volume mainly focuses on the institutional arrangements at regional level, analyzing the motives, procedures and outcomes of either political or administrative reforms introduced in the latest years. The focus are the former communist countries, both members of the EU and not (case studies selected: Romania, Hungary, Poland and Serbia), with a specific chapter concentrating on a case study from the West – England – whose process of regionalization provides a useful point of reference for the experiences of its Central-East counterparts.
Francesco Palermo, Ph.D. (1998), University of Innsbruck, is Professor of Comparative Public Law, University of Verona, and Director of the Institute for Studies on Federalism and Regionalism, (EURAC). He has published widely in comparative constitutional law, minority rights, federalism.
Sara Parolari, Ph. D. (2007), University of Trento, is Senior Researcher at the Institute for Studies on Federalism and Regionalism, (EURAC). Her research and publications mainly focus on comparative federal and regional studies, devolution issues and fiscal federalism.
Sara Parolari PART ONE - Framework
Chapter I. Central and Eastern Europe regional reforms: from dismantling a Soviet model to Europeanizing a national one
Anatoliy Kruglashov 1. Introduction
2. Soviet model of regional governance: ideology, practice, institutional design and legacy in Central and Eastern Europe
3. Post-revolutionary period: debates and allowances of central governments to change regional policy and system of self-government
4. Impact of European integration on regional reforms and development in Central and Eastern Europe
5. Concluding remarks about Central and Eastern Europe countries’ regional policy upon accession
Chapter II. EU regional policy and the process of institution-building in Central and Eastern European Countries
Ekaterina Domorenok 1. Introduction
2. EU strategy for institution and capacity building: what is it about?
3. EU Structural Funds: the myth of multi-level governance?
4. Pre- and post-accession institutional pressures
5. The Structural Funds implementation in Central and Eastern European Countries: between challenges and changes
Chapter III. Decentralization and local development: antecedents, challenges and current organizational forms
Gert Guri and Bruno Dallago 1. Introduction
2. Looking back at the institutional and economic transition processes and the (re-) naissance of decentralization
3. Main challenges to decentralization
4. Framing local development
5. Conclusions and Future Perspectives
Chapter IV. The English prototype. Non-political and non-administrative decentralization as a model for Central and Eastern European Countries?
Sara Parolari 1. Introduction
2. The asymmetric nature of the British constitutional settlement and the consequences for England
3. The regionalization process in England: the role of Regional Development Agencies
4. Concluding remarks
PART TWO – Case studies
Chapter V. Decentralization and regional development in Romania. An unfinished reform in search of a “European” model
Marius Suciu 1. Reflections on the sense and difficulties of decentralization in ex-communist countries of East Central Europe
2. Decentralization and regionalization in Romania. The challenges and ambiguities of a new model of regional governance
Chapter VI. The Recentralization of Economic Development in Hungary
Zoltán Pogátsa 1. Introduction
2. Decentralization after transition
3. Recentralization after 2010
Chapter VII. Securing growth and cohesion in Europeanized conditions. The role of regional development bodies in Poland
Krzysztof Szczerski 1. Position of the regions in Poland
2. The role of public administration in regional development
Chapter VIII. Regionalization and Regional Development in Serbia
Chiara Guglielmetti and Sonja Avlijaš 1. Introduction
2. Legacy of sub-national institutions developed during the socialist Yugoslavia (1945-1991) and Milošević’s era (1989-2000)
3. Macroeconomic and legislative framework for regional development
4. Regional development during Serbia’s Transition (2001- )
5. Case study of Eastern Serbia
6. Concluding remarks
Concluding remarks. New regionalism in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. Traditional models and beyond
Francesco Palermo 1. Introduction. The end of regionalization or just the wrong approach?
2. Is regionalization desperate, necessary or imperative?
3. The dilemma of political regionalization in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European Countries
4. The way forward: asymmetry and institutional innovation
With contributions from leading scholars in economics, law, history and political science, this publication promises to be a useful tool for policy-making and academics for better understanding decentralization in this area.