Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs

Protecting Cultural Property during Conflict


Editors: Joris Kila and James Zeidler
The protection of cultural property during times of armed conflict and social unrest has been an on-going challenge for military forces throughout the world even after the ratification and implementation of the 1954 Hague Convention and its two Protocols by participating nations. This volume provides a series of case studies and “lessons learned” to assess the current status of Cultural Property Protection (CPP) and the military, and use that information to rethink the way forward. The contributors are all recognized experts in the field of military CPP or cultural heritage and conflict, and all are actively engaged in developing national and international solutions for the protection and conservation of these non-renewable resources and the intangible cultural values that they represent.

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Joris D. Kila, PhD (Amsterdam, 2012) is researcher at the University of Amsterdam's Institute for Culture and History, reserve Lieutenant-Colonel in the Royal Netherlands Army and holds degrees from Leiden University and the University of Amsterdam. He undertook cultural rescue missions in Iraq, Macedonia, Egypt and Libya and is affiliated with several heritage organizations. He is Chair of the International Military Cultural Resources Working Group IMCuRWG and has written numerous publications on heritage protection, including Heritage under Siege. Military Implementation of Cultural Property Protection Following the 1954 Hague Convention (2012)

James A. Zeidler, Ph.D.1984, is Senior Research Scientist at Colorado State University, where he serves as Associate Director for Cultural Resources in the Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands (CEMML). He has been involved in Cultural Resource Management on US military installations since 1992 and has provided cultural heritage awareness training to US troops deployed in the Middle East. He is a founding member of the DoD Combatant Command Cultural Heritage Action Group (CCHAG) and is also an expert member of the International Committee for Archaeological Resource Management (ICAHM). His current research involves expanding Cultural Property Protection awareness training and planning for DoD Full Spectrum Operations on a global scale and he is also the chief archaeological consultant for a major heritage tourism project in the Jama River Valley of coastal Ecuador.

Contributors: Karl Von Habsburg, Joris D. Kila, Michael Pesendorfer, James A. Zeidler, John Valainis, Michael Hallett, Benjamin A. Roberts, Cheryl White, Thomas Livoti, Benjamin Isakhan, Matthieu J. Murdock, Carrie A. Hritz, Friedrich Schipper, Caroline A. Sandes, Mirjam Hoijtink, Marc Balcells, Richard Osgood

" The book is full of goodwill suggestions and valuable experiences but it shows the present gap existing between goodwill and the real world, and that there is no quick answer to match all the challenges and threats that CPP in armed conflicts must face in the next few years." Ignacio Rodríguez Temiño, Archaeologica Publica 4 (2014), pp. 413-146.
List of Figures

Chapter 1: Introduction
Karl von Habsburg

Chapter 2: Military involvement in Cultural Property Protection as part of Preventive Conservation.
Joris D. Kila

Chapter 3: Respecting and Protecting Cultural Heritage in Peace Support Operations – a pragmatic approach
Colonel Dr. Michael Pesendorfer

Chapter 4: Cultural Property Protection and the Training Continuum in the US Department of Defense
James A. Zeidler

Chapter 5: Developing a Cultural Property Protection Training Program for ROTC: Methodology, Content, and Structure
John A Valainis

Chapter 6: Conflicting memory: The use of conflict archaeology sites as training for operational troops
Richard Osgood

Chapter 7: Developing a NATO Cultural Property Protection Capability
CDR Michael Hallett

Chapter 8: Aiming to Miss: Engaging with the Targeting Process as a means of Cultural Property Protection
Michael Hallett

Chapter 9: A Case Study in Cultural Heritage Protection in a Time of War
CPT Benjamin A. Roberts and LTC Gary B. Roberts (Ret.)

Chapter 10: Counterinsurgency: A Tool for Cultural Heritage?
Cheryl White and Tommy Livoti

Chapter 11: Heritage Destruction and Spikes in Violence: The Case of Iraq
B. Isakhan

Chapter 12: A Report on Archaeological Site Stability and Security in Afghanistan: The Lashkari Bazar Survey
Matthieu J. Murdock and Carrie A. Hritz

Chapter 13: Holy Places – Contested Heritage: Dealing with Cultural Heritage in the Region of Palestine From the Ottoman Period until Today
Friedrich T. Schipper

Chapter 14: Urban cultural heritage and armed conflict: the case of Beirut Central District
Caroline A. Sandes

Chapter 15: Antiquity & Conflict: Some Historical Remarks on a Matter of Selection
Mirjam Hoijtink

Chapter 16: Plundering Boys: A cultural criminology assessment on the power of cultural heritage as a cause for plunder in armed conflicts along history
Marc Balcells

Chapter 17: Conclusion