International Law and Politics of the Arctic Ocean

Essays in Honor of Donat Pharand

International Law and Politics of the Arctic Ocean: Essays in Honor of Donat Pharand is a collection of essays in honor of Professor emeritus Donat Pharand by leading Arctic experts from around the globe. The volume offers a clear, concise and detailed analysis of many of the issues an expanded use of the Arctic Ocean raises and of critical importance for the legal and political processes unfolding in the Arctic region.

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Suzanne Lalonde, Ph.D. (1997), Cambridge University, is Professor of International Law at the Université de Montréal. She has published in both French and English, within Canada and abroad and her research focuses on core international legal principles, especially those pertaining to sovereignty, territory and the determination of boundaries on land and at sea.

Ted L. McDorman, LL.M. (1982), Dalhousie University, is a Professor of Law at the University of Victoria and the author of Salt Water Neighbors: International Ocean Law Relations Between the United States and Canada (Oxford University Press, 2009). He has written widely on ocean law and policy issues including on maritime boundary delimitation and the continental shelf having published over 120 articles and chapters.
Foreword by Donald McRae

Co-Editor’s Preface


Donat Pharand: The Arctic Scholar
Suzanne Lalonde and Ronald St. J. Macdonald


The Arctic Region Council Revisited – Inspiring Future Development of the Arctic Council
Kristin Bartenstein

Lessons Learned and Lost from Pharand’s Arctic Regional Council Treaty Proposal
Andrea Charron

Pharand’s Arctic Treaty: Would an Antarctic Treaty-style Model Work in the Arctic?
Julia Jabour


Article 234 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Its Origins and Its Future
Armand de Mestral

A Note on Making the Polar Code Mandatory
J. Ashley Roach

A Note on the Potential Conflicting Treaty Rights and Obligations between the IMO’s Polar Code and Article 234 of the Law of the Sea Convention
Ted L. McDorman

The United States and Arctic Straits: The Northwest Passage and the Bering Strait
Donald R. Rothwell

Analysis of Maritime Transit Trends in the Arctic Passages
Frédéric Lasserre and Olga Alexeeva


Canada’s Arctic Waters: Comments on Circumnavigating the Legal Dispute
Bernard H. Oxman

Understanding the Canada-United States Arctic Relationship
Elizabeth B. Elliot-Meisel

The Dog in the Manger – and Letting Sleeping Dogs Lie: The United States, Canada and the Sector Principle, 1924–1955
P. Whitney Lackenbauer and Peter Kikkert

Canada – Russia Relations in the Arctic – Conflictual Rhetoric, Cooperative Realities
Jonathan R. Edge and David L. VanderZwaag


Does Recent Practice of the Russian Federation Point to an Arctic Sunset for the Sector Principle?
Alex G. Oude Elferink

Uncovered and Unstable Coasts: Climate Change and Territorial Sea Baselines in the Arctic
Clive Schofield and Blanche Sas

Delineation of the Outer Limits of Canada’s Arctic Ocean Continental Shelf and Its Delimitation with Neighboring States: Does It Matter Which Comes First?
Andrew Serdy

A Note on Arctic Information Platforms and International Law
Betsy Baker

The book will be of value to graduate students, academics, research and teaching institutions, university libraries, government departments and international organizations interested in the Arctic region, the law of the sea, international law and politics.
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