The Thirteenth Dalai Lama on the Run (1904-1906)

Archival Documents from Mongolia


In 1904, the Thirteenth Dalai Lama fled from the British invasion of Tibet to Mongolia in search of support from Russia. Although the mission failed, his extended sojourn in Mongolia marked the beginning of political modernity in both Mongolia and Tibet. The Thirteenth Dalai Lama on the Run (1904-1906) is a facsimile collection comprising hitherto unpublished archival documents from Mongolia about this historical episode. Written in Mongolian, Manchu and Chinese, the documents concern the operation of the Mongol princes in hosting the Dalai Lama in Mongolia and the attempts made by the Qing frontier officials to remove him from Mongolia back to Tibet. Details of his extensive travels within the country, the associated elaborate ritual activities and the great financial costs incurred which were borne by the Mongols, come to light for the first time in this publication. The documents which are supported by detailed captions are discussed in an in-depth introduction.

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Sampildondov Chuluun, Ph.D. (2004), State Pedagogical University of Moscow, is Associate Professor of History at the Institute of History, Mongolian Academy of Sciences. He has written and edited numerous works on Mongolian history and ethnography, including Khotogoidyn Tüükh (Soyombo, 2007).

Uradyn E. Bulag, Ph.D. (1993), University of Cambridge, is Reader in Social Anthropology at the same university. His interests broadly span East Asia and Inner Asia, geopolitics, historiography, nationalism and statecraft. His latest book is Collaborative Nationalism: The Politics of Friendship on China's Mongolian Frontier (Rowman & Littlefield, 2010).
All interested in the modern history of Mongolia-Tibet relations and the Qing administration of Inner Asia, and anyone concerned with the 13th Dalai Lama and the Great Game.
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