Between Jerusalem and Europe

Essays in Honour of Bianca Kühnel


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Between Jerusalem and Europe: Essays in Honour of Bianca Kühnel analyses how Jerusalem is translated into the visual and material culture of medieval, early modern and contemporary Europe, and in what ways European encounters with the city have shaped its holy sites. The volume also demonstrates methodological shifts in the study of Jerusalem in Western art by mapping the diversity of concepts that underlie imaginations of the city as an earthly presence and a heavenly realization, as a physical and a mental space, and as a unique location which is multiplied and re-imagined in numerous copies elsewhere.

Contributors are Lily Arad, Pnina Arad, Barbara Baert, Neta B. Bodner, Iris Gerlitz, Anastasia Keshman Wasserman, Katrin Kogman-Appel, Ora Limor, Galit Noga-Banai, Robert Ousterhout, Yamit Rachman-Schrire, Bruno Reudenbach, Alessandro Scafi, Tsafra Siew, and Victor I. Stoichita.

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Renana Bartal is a Lecturer in the Art History Department at Tel Aviv University. She has published articles on medieval illuminated manuscripts and devotional practice. Her forthcoming book is entitled Gender, Piety and Production in Fourteenth Century English Apocalypse Manuscripts (Ashgate).
Hanna Vorholt is an Anniversary Research Lecturer in the Department of History of Art and a member of the Centre for Medieval Studies at the University of York. She has published on illuminated manuscripts and political iconography and has co-edited Imagining Jerusalem in the Medieval West (Oxford University Press, 2012) and Visual Constructs of Jerusalem (Brepols, 2014).
Acknowledgements vii
List of Figures viii
List of Contributors xiii xiv
Introduction 1
Part 1
Crusader Jerusalem
1 The Cross and the Tomb: The Crusader Contribution to Crucifijixion
Iconography 13
Anastasia Keshman Wasserman
2 ‘The King is Dead, Long Live the King’: Representing Transfer of
Power in the Crusader Estoire de Eracles 34
Iris Gerlitz
Part 2
Matter, Image and Body
3 Sinai Stones on Mount Zion: Mary’s Pilgrimage in Jerusalem 57
Yamit Rachman-Schrire
4 Earth from Jerusalem in the Pisan Camposanto 74
Neta B. Bodner
5 Permanent Ephemera: The ‘Honourable Stigmatisation’ of Jerusalem
Pilgrims 94
Robert Ousterhout
Part 3
Jerusalem in European Landscapes
6 Translations of the Jerusalem Pilgrimage Route at the Holy Mountains
of Varallo and San Vivaldo 113
Ts afra Siew
7 Jerusalem in Galicia: From the Navel of the World to the Ends of the
Earth 133
Lily Arad
8 Is Calvary Worth Restoring? The Way of the Cross in Romans-sur-
Isère, France 154
Pnina Arad
9 Places of Remembrance : A Via Dolorosa in Berlin’s Bavarian
Quarter 173
Galit Noga-Banai
Part 4
Time and the End of Time
10 The Annunciation and the Senses: Ruach, Pneuma , Odour 197
Barbara Baert
11 Salvation History, Typology, and the End of Time in the Biblia
Pauperum 217
Bruno Reudenbach
12 The Messianic Sanctuary in Late Fifteenth-Century Sepharad: Isaac de
Braga’s Bible and the Reception of Traditional Temple Imagery 233
Katrin Kogman-Appel
Part 5
Between the Real and the Ideal
13 Coping with Muslim Jerusalem between the Middle Ages and the
Renaissance: Islam and the Holy City on Christian World Maps 257
Alessandro Scafiji
14 Placing an Idea: The Valley of Jehoshaphat in Religious
Imagination 280
Ora Limor
15 Jerusalem Dreaming: Some Thoughts about Zurbarán’s Paintings for
the Merced Calzada in Seville 301
Victor I. Stoichita
Bibliography 311
Index 350
All interested in the relationship between Jerusalem and Europe, especially art and architectural historians, and those concerned with manuscript studies and the history of religions.
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