Cold War Science and the Transatlantic Circulation of Knowledge delves into how the Cold War, as a global phenomenon, shaped local conditions and decisions for science in light of US-Europe relationships. The articles in this volume, edited by Jeroen van Dongen, show how the western network in which science was circulated and produced was strongly conditioned by the state and its international relations. The workings of secrecy, the consequences of US hegemony and decolonization, and the ambitions of post-war recovery attempts were all mediated through the interference of the state and through its relative position in the network. At the same time, hubristic expectations prefigured in the state’s relation to science.
Jeroen van Dongen (Ph.D. 2002, Amsterdam) is Professor of History of Science at the University of Amsterdam. He also teaches at Utrecht University and is the author of
Einstein’s Unification (Cambridge UP, 2010).
'Like water incrementally descending a cascade, the Soviet-American affair of the Cold War trickled down deep into the cracks of Western European science. This subtle reformulation of John Krige's 'American consensual hegemony' is one of the merits of
Cold War Science and the Transatlantic Circulation of Knowledge. [...] The volume's main focus is on the relation between science and national governments, both on a local and a global level. [...] this volume contains several fascinating case studies and provides interesting historiographical nuances, especially by paying serious attention to 'small' European nations.'
- Jorrit Smit (Universiteit Leiden), in:
Studium, volume 9, issue 3 (2016), p.181-182.
List of Illustrations and Tables
Note on Contributors
PART 1 Secrecy and Science 1 Scientists, Secrecy, and Scientific Intelligence: The Challenges of International Science in Cold War America
Ronald E. Doel 2 A ‘Need-To-Know-More’ Criterion? Science and Information Security at NATO during the Cold War
Simone Turchetti 3 A Transnational Approach to US Nuclear Weapons Relationships with Britain and France in the 60s and 70s
PART 2 Dutch Perspectives 4 Putting a Lid on the Gas Centrifuge: Classification of the Dutch Ultracentrifuge Project, 1960–1961
Abel Streefland 5
Quid Pro Quo: Dutch Defense Research during the Early Cold War
Jeroen van Dongen and
Friso Hoeneveld 6 Chemical Warfare Research in the Netherlands
Herman Roozenbeek 7 The Fulbright Program in the Netherlands: An Example of Science Diplomacy
PART 3 ‘Cold War’ Science? 8 The Absence of the East: International Influences on Science Policy in Western Europe during the Cold War
David Baneke 9 Colonial Crossings: Social Science, Social Knowledge, and American Power from the Nineteenth Century to the Cold War
PART 4 Scientific Hubris 10 Cold War Atmospheric Sciences in the United States: From Modeling to Control
Kristine C. Harper 11 Small State versus Superpower: Science and Geopolitics in Greenland in the Early Cold War
Kristian Hvidtfelt Nielsen and
Henrik Knudsen 12 The Ford Foundation and the Measurement of Values
Index of Names
All (scholars, students, institutions) interested in the Cold War, history of science, modern Dutch history and US-Europe relations.