Trafficking in persons is a serious crime that affects the human rights, dignity and integrity of all its victims including women, men, and children in the Association of Southeast Asia Nation (ASEAN) region. ASEAN has made efforts to fight human trafficking through inter alia the establishment of regional counter-human trafficking laws and human rights bodies to establish best norms and practices for its member countries. Nevertheless, the International Labour Organization (ILO) recently declared that there are more than 11.7 million forced labor victims in the Asia-Pacific region encompassing the biggest concentration of forced labour victims in the world.
This volume reviews the achievements and the deficiencies of ASEAN’s counter-human strategies at the national and regional level. It offers suggestions for the reform of ASEAN's anti-trafficking laws and for the creation of a regional anti-trafficking human rights body specialized in preventing human trafficking, promoting equal protection of all trafficking victims, and prosecuting human traffickers.
Naparat Kranrattanasuit, Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D., 2013), American University Washington College of Law, is a lecturer at the Institute of Human Rights and Peace Studies at Mahidol University.
Excerpt of table of contents:
Abstract; Preface; Acknowledgments; List of Tables; List of Illustrations; List of Abbreviations;
CHAPTER 1: Introduction
1.1. The Statement of Problem and the Objectives of the Research
1.2. The Reasons of Examining Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam as Case Studies
1.3. The Significant Substance and Structure of This Book
CHAPTER 2: Overview of ASEAN and its Influence on Community-Building between Internal and External Regions
2.1. Establishment of ASEAN
2.2. The Origin and Evolution of ASEAN
2.3. Actual Political Influence of ASEAN
2.4. Potential Human Rights Influence of ASEAN
2.5. Debates on Human Rights Approach of ASEAN
2.6. ASEAN’s Mobilization on Human Trafficking
CHAPTER 3: ASEAN’S Struggle to Combat Human Trafficking
3.1. Inadequacy of Counter-Human Trafficking Law of ASEAN
3.2. Dysfunctional Counter-Human Trafficking Structure of ASEAN
3.3. Insufficient Powers of Existing ASEAN Human Rights Bodies against Human Trafficking
CHAPTER 4: Challenges of National Responses of ASEAN Member States to Human Trafficking: Case Studies of Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam
4.1. Background of Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam
4.2. Arguments of Legal Commitments of Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam to Counter-Human Trafficking and National Anti-Human Trafficking Law of Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam
CHAPTER 5: A Proposal for ASEAN Regional Reform: The Establishment of ASEAN Declaration of the Promotion and Protection of Trafficking Victims (ADTV) and ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Trafficking Victims (ACTV)
5.1. Recommendations of the Selective Measures of ASEAN Declaration on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Trafficking Victims (ADTV)
5.2. Recommendations of the Selective Qualification and Power of ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Trafficking Victims (ACTV)
CHAPTER 6: Conclusion
APPENDIX A: Comparative Table of Trafficking Law Provisions of the UN Palermo Protocol and the National Anti-Human Trafficking Laws of Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam
APPENDIX B: ASEAN Member Countries on Corruption
All interested in the anti-human trafficking strategies at the ASEAN regional and national levels. Its case studies of national stage include Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam.