Although the Jewish Targums were written down only from the second century CE onward, and need to be studied against their Late Antique background, the issue of their connection to earlier sources and traditions is an important one. Do the existing Targums link up with an oral translation of Scripture and, if so, how far does it go back? Do the Targums transmit traditional exegetical material in a distinct form? What is the relation between the Targums and "parabiblical" literature of the Second Temple period (including the New Testament)?
In the present volume, these and other questions are studied and debated by an international group of scholars including some of the best specialists of Targumic literature in all its diversity, as well as specialists of various Second Temple writings.
Thierry Legrand, Ph.D. (1996, University of Strasbourg - Faculty of Protestant Theology), is teaching History of religions. Numerous publications on ancient Judaism and targumic literature in journals and books, co-director of the editorial project La Bibliothèque de Qumrân (Ed. du Cerf).
Jan Joosten (PhD 1989 Hebrew University, ThD 1994 Brussels), teaches since 1994 at the Faculty of Protestant Theology of the University of Strasbourg. He has published extensively on the Septuagint and is directing, together with Eberhard Bons, the Historical and Theological Lexicon of the Septuagint.
"The volume adds an important collection of voices to the ongoing enterprise of understanding and describing the content and structures of targumic literature. Moreover, because of its detailed engagement with all its subject material, this book offers a significant body of concrete data that can be incorporated into broader historical, methodological, and social accounts of early and rabbinic Judaism. Accordingly, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in Jewish translation literature, Second Temple literature, targumic literature, and methodological and historical questions pertaining to the literary motifs and traditions circulating during the Second Temple and rabbinic periods." – Simon Lasair, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, in: RBL 07/2016
Introduction, Thierry Legrand & Jan Joosten
TARGUMIM AND TARGUMISMS
Ingo Kottsieper, Das Aramäische als Schriftsprache und die Entwicklung der Targume
Jan Joosten, Des targumismes dans la Septante?
Beate Ego, Retelling the Story of Esther in Targum Sheni in Light of Septuagint Traditions – Main Outlines
Christophe Bonnard, Targums samaritains et traditions du Second Temple
Robert Hayward. God as father in the Pentateuchal Targumim: The case of Abraham’s garden at Be’er Sheba
Claude Tassin, Zabulon et Nephtali dans le Targum: un éclairage de Mt 4,13-16?
Willem F. Smelik, The Lost Tomb of Moses Revisited: Targum Pseudo-Jonathan on Deut. 34.5-6
Innocent Himbaza, Le Targum Pseudo-Jonathan témoin de son époque et de celle du Second Temple
Michael Langlois, Malheur à qui donne la couronne à l’orgueilleux! Les targums et la critique du pouvoir à l’époque du Second Temple
Thierry Legrand, Miracles, événements spectaculaires dans le Targum Pseudo-Jonathan: quelques échos de la littérature du Second Temple
All interested in Targumic and Aramaic studies and ancient versions of the Bible (Septuagint, Samaritan).