The Walls between Conflict and Peace


Volume Editor: Alberto Gasparini
The Walls between Conflict and Peace discusses how walls are not merely static entities, but are in constant flux, subject to the movement of time. Walls often begin life as a line marking a radical division, but then become an area, that is to say a border, within which function civil and political societies, national and supranational societies. Such changes occur because over time cooperation between populations produces an active quest for peace, which is therefore a peace in constant movement. These are the concepts and lines of political development analysed in the book.

The first part of the book deals with political walls and how they evolve into borders, or even disappear. The second part discusses possible and actual walls between empires, and also walls which may take shape within present-day empires. The third part analyses various ways of being of walls between and within states: Berlin, the Vatican State and Italy, Cyprus, Israel and Palestine, Belfast, Northern European Countries, Gorizia and Nova Gorica, the USA and Mexico. In addition, discussion centres on a possible new Iron Curtain between the two Mediterranean shores and new and different walls within the EU. The last part of the book looks at how walls and borders change as a result of cooperation between the communities on either side of them.

The book takes on particular relevance in the present circumstances of the proliferation of walls between empires and states and within single states, but it also analyses processes of conflict and peace which come about as a result of walls.

Contributors are: Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Sigal Ben-Rafael Galanti, Melania-Gabriela Ciot, Hastings Donnan, Anneli Ute Gabanyi, Alberto Gasparini, Maria Hadjipavlou, Max Haller, Neil Jarman, Thomas Lunden, Domenico Mogavero, Alejandro Palma, Dennis Soden.

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Alberto Gasparini, is Professor of Urban-Rural Sociology and Sociology of International Relations at the University of Trieste. He has written a range of articles and books on the subject of borders and walls. Those published since 2010 include the following books: Cross-border Cooperation in Central European Countries (2010); Cross-border Co-operation in Northern European Countries (2010); Strategies and Euroregions for Cross-border Co-operation in Balkan and Danube European Countries (2011); Società civile e relazioni internazionali (2011); Relazioni transfrontaliere e turismo (co-ed.) (2012); Cross-border Co-operation in Europe: A Comprehensive Overview (2012).
"We can say with certainty that the book "The Walls between Conflict and the World" is becoming particularly relevant in the current conditions of the spread of walls between empires and states, including within one state. In parallel, the book analyzes the processes of conflict and peace that occur as a result of the construction of walls." [English translation, original review in Russian] - Yuri Sidelnikov, in: International Futures Research Academy (IFRA), Russian Division — MAIB, 17 February 2017
List of Figures, Tables and Graphs
List of Contributors

Introduction. Walls: ways of being, ways of functioning, ways of being transformed
Alberto Gasparini


1. Walls dividing, walls uniting: Peace in fusion, peace in separation
Alberto Gasparini


2. Why empires build walls: The new Iron Curtain between Africa and Europe
Max Haller

3. The Enlargement process and the “Dividing lines of Europe”
Melania-Gabriela Ciot

4. Are walls a National Security issue? A view from the United States-Mexican border
Dennis Soden and Alejandro Palma


5. The Berlin wall
Anneli Ute Gabany

6. Vatican City-Italy wall: Consolidating social and political peace
Domenico Mogavero

7. The “crossing” along the divide: The Cypriot experience
Maria Hadjipavlou

8. Israel-Palestine: Concrete fences and fluid borders
Eliezer Ben-Rafael and Sigal Ben-Rafael Galanti

9. Ordinary everyday walls: Normalising exception in segregated Belfast
Hastings Donnan and Neil Jarman


10. European twin cities: Models, examples and problems of formal and informal co-operation
Thomas Lundén

11. Scenario for the new town Gorizia/Gorica
Alberto Gasparini


All people interested in the theme of walls and borders, in particular teachers of subjects involving cross-border relations and migration, political scientists and urban-rural sociologists; well-educated general readers; decision-makers in public institutions; EU officials, graduate students, undergraduate students.