The Cave 4 Apocryphon of Jeremiah and the Qumran Jeremianic Traditions

Prophetic Persona and the Construction of Community Identity


Author: Kipp Davis
The Cave 4 Apocryphon of Jeremiah C from Qumran survives in several copies, and presents significant links between the prophet Jeremiah, the scriptural book of Jeremiah, and the collectors of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Because the prophet is only occasionally named in the Scrolls, and there are only a few clear instances where the book is cited, Jeremiah appears to have had a limited impact on the imagination of the Qumranites. However, through a careful appraisal of the Apocryphon manuscripts, and a reconsideration of Jeremiah's influence in the Dead Sea Scrolls via his reputational authority, this study shows that clusters of traditions were tied to Jeremiah’s prophetic and priestly distinction, with an emphasis on matters of leadership and empire.

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Kipp Davis, Ph.D. (2009), University of Manchester, is a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Agder in Kristiansand, Norway, where he specialises in the assignment and reconstruction of fragments from the Dead Sea Scrolls and their interpretation
Introduction: The Enigmatic Prophet Jeremiah and His Manifestations in the Dead Sea Scrolls
1. From Rewritten Bible to Reputation: A Fresh Methodological Approach to Appropriating Jeremiah in the Dead Sea Scrolls
2. The Apocryphon of Jeremiah: A Material and Synoptic Overview
3. 4QApocryphon of Jeremiah Ca (4Q385a): The Reconstructed Text and Translation with Notes, in Conversation with the Other Witnesses (4Q387, 4Q388a, 4Q389)
4. 4Q390 and the Second Temple Apocalypse Redux
5. Character and Content: The Emerging (or Diminishing?) Jeremiah in the Literature of the Yaḥad
Conclusions: Jeremiah, Community Leadership, and the “Origins Myth” for the Yaḥad
All interested in Qumran studies, in the transmission of textual traditions in ancient Judaism, and in the reception and trasmission of the book of Jeremiah in the Second Temple period.