The Uses of Reform: 'Godly Discipline' and Popular Behavior in Scotland and Beyond, 1560-1610


The Uses of Reform is a study of the Reformation as a movement for behavioral reform, concentrating on Scotland during the first fifty years (1560-1610) of its Reformation as a primary example.
The opening chapters trace the development of "Godly Discipline" as part of the European-wide reform movement. Graham follows this general narrative with a study of the creation and implementation of a disciplinary system in Scotland. Finally, he compares disciplinary practices in the Scottish Church with those of the Huguenot communities of France.
Looking closely at the proceedings of church courts which enforced regulations concerning behavior, Graham paints a picture of the Reformation as a social process. This book, the first of its kind in the historiography of the Scottish Reformation, explores how Reformed protestantism affected local communities and redefined relationships.

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Biographical Note

Michael F. Graham, Ph.D. (1993) in History, University of Virginia, is an Assistant Professor of History at the University of Akron. He has published several articles and essays on Scottish Reformation history.

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Winner of the 1997 Roland Bainton Prize, awarded by the Sixteenth Century Studies Conference.


This book will interest specialists in Reformation history, early modern British history, and early modern European history. It will also appeal to general readers with an interest in Scottish history, and Presbyterian ministers.

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