Chinese Research Perspectives on Population and Labor, Volume 2

From Demographic Dividend to Institutional Dividend


Editors: Fang Cai and Meiyan Wang
This English-language volume is an edited collection of articles selected from the 2013 Chinese-language volume of the Green Book of Population and Labor. This volume starts with an overview report on a nationwide survey on migrant workers in 2012, conducted by the Household Survey Office at the National Bureau of Statistics. This survey report provides information on the size, movements, employment, housing and social security situation of migrant workers in China. Other topics discussed in this volume include labor supply and policies, household registration system reform, employment policies and social protection of “vulnerable” groups in China. Like other volumes in the series, this volume intends to draw lessons from the experiences and discuss trends of the labor market in China.

Chinese Research Perspectives on Population and Labor is a co-publication between Brill and Social Sciences Academic Press (China).
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Biographical Note

Cai Fang is Director of the Institute of Population and Labor Economics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), and has frequently been a visiting scholar at major universities throughout the world. He was a delegate to the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the 11th National People’s Congress, and is a standing committee member of both the National People’s Congress and Agriculture and Rural Affairs Committee.

Table of contents

List of Figures and Tables
Chapter 1. A Nationwide Monitoring Survey Report on Migrant Workers in 2012
Household Survey Office, National Bureau of Statistics
I. Size of the Migrant Worker Population
II.Movements and Regional Distribution of Migrant Workers
III.Gender, Age, Education, and Training of Migrant Workers
IV. Employment Situation of Migrant Workers
V. Income Situation of Migrant Workers
VI. Housing Situation of Migrant Rural Workers
VII. Social Security Situation of Migrant Rural Workers
Chapter 2. Labor Supply and Policies during the New Stage of Economic Development, Du Yang and Lu Yang
I. The Necessity of Stimulating Labor Supply
II. Changes in Labor Force Participation
III. Changes in Unemployment Rate and Its Characteristics
IV. Employment Rate and Working Hours
V.Conclusions and Policy Suggestions
Chapter 3. The Cost of Household Registration System Reform and the Push for Urbanization with Equal Provision of Basic Public Services, Qu Xiaobo and Cheng Jie
I. Introduction
II. Household Registration System Reform Cost and Existing Studies
III. Ideas and Methods of Calculating Household Registration System Reform Cost
IV. Estimates of Household Registration System Reform Cost
V. Conclusions and Policy Suggestions
Chapter 4. A Roadmap for Reforming China’s Household Registration System, Chan Kam Wing
I. Introduction
II. Proposal for and Steps in Household Registration System Reform
III. Estimates of Public Cost of Migrant Workers Urbanization
IV. Conclusions
Chapter 5. Changes in the Levels of Consumption by Migrant Workers and Determining Factors, Wang Meiyan
I. Introduction
II. Description of Data
III. Human Capital, Employment, Income, and Social Security Characteristics of Migrant Workers
IV. The Consumption Levels of Migrant Worker Households and Determining Factors
V. Main Conclusions and Policy Suggestions
Chapter 6. Proactive Employment Policies Targeting Groups with Employment Difficulties, Du Yang and Cheng Jie
I. Groups with Employment Difficulties Are Increasingly Valuable Human Resources
II. How Do Groups with Employment Difficulties Participate in the Labor Market?
III.The Unemployment Characteristics of Groups with Employment Difficulties
IV. Proactive Employment Policies Targeting Groups with Employment Difficulties
Chapter 7. Social Protection Is Not a ‘Negative Incentive’: Resolving “Mill’s Dilemma” as the Stage of Development Changes, Cai Fang
I. Introduction
II.A Strong Labor Market beyond the Turning Point
III. Three Groups of Workers Who Remain Vulnerable
IV. Policy Suggestions
Chapter 8. Demand and Supply of Human Capital and the Transformation and Development of Higher Education in the Age of Mass Higher Education, Hu Ruiwen, Zhang Haishui,and Zhu Xi
I. The Rapid Development of Higher Education in China
II. Rapid Development of Higher Education Strengthens China’s Capacity for Sustainable Socioeconomic Development
III. Moving Higher Education Closer to Universal Accessibility in the Next Decade
IV.The New Demand and Supply Situation for University and College Students under the Rapid Development of Higher Education
V. The Main Tasks of Higher Education Transformation in the Era of Wide Availability
VI. Some Suggestions on the Structural Adjustment and the Transformation of Higher Education
Chapter 9. The Lewisian Turning Point and a New Model of Economic Growth, Huang Yiping
I. An Economic Model of High Growth and Huge Imbalances in the Past Decade
II. The Emergence of a "New Normal" for Economic Growth
III. Preliminary Indications of Economic Rebalancing
IV. The Lewisian Turning Point and Factor Market Reforms
V. Anticipating the New Government’s Economic Policies
VI. Overcoming the Fear of Economic Downturn


All those interested in developments in China's population dynamics as well as the composition and distribution of its labor force. Also an excellent primary source for examining how professors and researchers in China discuss and analyze demographic and labor issues.

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