The Nonprofit Sector in Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia

Civil Society Advances and Challenges


The Nonprofit Sector in Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia (EERCA), edited by David Horton Smith, Alisa V. Moldavanova, and Svitlana Krasynska, uniquely provides a research overview of the nonprofit sector and nonprofit organizations in eleven former Soviet republics, with each central chapter written by local experts. Such chapters, with our editorial introductions, present up-to-date versions of works previously published in EERCA native languages. With a Foreword by Susan Rose-Ackerman (Yale University), introductory and concluding chapters also explain the editors’ theoretical approach, setting the whole volume in several, relevant, larger intellectual contexts, and summarize briefly the gist of the book. The many post-Soviet countries show much variety in their current situation, ranging from democratic to totalitarian regimes.

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David Horton Smith, Ph.D. (Harvard, 1965) is Research and Emeritus Professor of Sociology, Boston College, USA. Founder/first President (1971–73), Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action/ARNOVA ( and SSCI journal, NVSQ. Marquis Who’s Who Lifetime Achievement Award (2018). Alisa Moldavanova, Ph.D. (University of Kansas, 2013) is an Assistant Professor of Public Administration in the Political Science Department at Wayne State University. Her research areas include public and nonprofit management, inter-organizational collaboration, comparative civil society, and ethics and sustainability studies. Svitlana Krasynska, Ph.D. (University of San Diego, 2018) is Vice President and Co-Founder of Volya Institute for Contemporary Law and Society. Her research focuses on civil society in Eastern Europe, informal civic engagement, transnational activism on social media, and social enterprise.
Preface, David Horton Smith, Alisa V. Moldavanova, and Svitlana Krasynska
Foreword, Susan Rose-Ackerman
List of Figures
List of Tables
Editors’ Biographies

1. Overview of the Nonprofit Sector in Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia, David Horton Smith, Alisa V. Moldavanova, and Svitlana Krasynska

Part 1
Nonprofit Organizations: Nonprofit Agencies and Voluntary Associations
2. (De)Structuring of Civil Society: The Political Process in Ukraine and Belarus, Yulia Bidenko
3. What Do We Choose: Freedom to Associate or Freedom to Remain Apart? Lithuania, Rūta Žiliukaitė
4. Civil Society in Moldova: An Overview of the Current State and Future Prospects, Bogdan Țîrdea and Viktor Chobanu
5. Russian Professional and Business Associations: Sleeping Beauties, Guardians of Stability, or Facilitators of Societal Development?, Ekaterina Ivanova
6. Bridging Business and Nonprofit Organization Interests via a Culture of Social Responsibility: The Case of Georgia, Shorena Sadzaglishvili and Mariam Kartvelishvili

Part 2
Government–Nonprofit Relations: Legal and Institutional Frameworks
7. The Participation of Social Partners and Nongovernmental Organizations in Development Planning: The Case of Latvia, Evija Kļave
8. Estonian ngo s at the Crossroads of Professionalization and Grassroots Activism, Mikko Lagerspetz
9. Civil Society and the Power Elites after the Euromaidan in Ukraine: Competition, Cooperation, and Fusion, Mikhail Minakov
10. The Role of Kyrgyzstan’s Nonprofit Sector in Policymaking: Between Contentious and Formal Engagement, Medet Tiulegenov
11. Civic Movement in Armenia in the Context of New Global Challenges: Prospects and Obstacles for the Consolidation of NGOs, Vladimir Osipov

Part 3
Informal Civil Society and Volunteering
12. The Power of Lithuanian Civil Society and Its Boundaries, Dainius Genys
13. The Potential of Waqfs in Poverty Alleviation in Azerbaijan, Fuad Aliyev
14. The Mediating Role of the Aksakal Institution in Local Conflicts in Kyrgyzstan, Azamat Temirkulov
15. Management of Volunteers in Russia: Explaining the Youth Motivation, Tamara Nezhina, Kseniya Petukhova, Natalia Chechetkina, and Ilziya Mindarova
16. Lessons Learned and Larger Intellectual Contexts, David Horton Smith, Alisa V. Moldavanova, and Svitlana Krasynska

Name Index
Subject Index
All people interested in expert local views of non-profit sector (NPS) in EERCA region and post-communist nations generally. Especially relevant to comparative study of NPS/nonprofits, with a Post-Soviet region focus.
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