During the summer of 1627, corsairs from Algiers and Salé, Morocco, undertook the long voyage to Iceland where they raided the eastern and southern regions of the country, resulting in the deaths of around thirty people, and capturing about 400 further individuals who were sold on the slave markets. Around 10% of the captives were ransomed the next twenty years, mostly through the efforts of the Danish monarchy.
In this volume, the history of these extraordinary events and their long-lasting memory are traced and analysed from the viewpoints of maritime warfare, cultural encounters and existential options, based on extensive use of various sources from several languages.
Þorsteinn Helgason, Ph.D. (2013), University of Iceland, is Associate Professor of History emeritus at the University of Iceland. His publications include textbooks in history, documentary films (e.g. Atlantic Jihad), Opening the Mind or Drawing Boundaries? History Texts in Nordic Schools (ed.) and articles on the Turkish Raid.
Preface List of Figures A Note on Names and Letters
Introduction Exceptional History
Research in the Field
Memory and History
1 The Inception of the Turkish Raid, and Its Central Character The Return of the Moors
Compaen the Pirate
How Do We Know This?
2 The Course of Events in Iceland Strategy and Resistance in Southwest Iceland
Attack on the Seat of Government
3 Incursion and Salvation in the East Fjords Enter the Corsairs
Reign of Terror in Berufjörður
South and North of Berufjörður
Did the Raiders Go to Eydalir?
The Corsairs’ Farewell
Heroes and Guardian Spirits
Folklore and Fact
4 Razzia and Martyrdom in the Westman Islands Preparedness
Like Lambs to the Slaughter
The Martyrdom of Jón Þorsteinsson
Not Many Placenames and Folktales
5 Piracy and Defences Danish Defences
Icelandic Defences in the Shadow of the Turkish Raid
Lessons of the Turkish Raid
What Would Bishop Brynjólfur Have Said?
6 Warfare or Robbery The Contemporary Analysis of the Turkish Raid
Forms of Maritime Raids
Piracy in the Mediterranean
Maritime Raids to the Northern Seas
Piracy in the Name of the Law
Piracy as a Sector of the Economy and a Pillar of the State
New Principles of Freedom
Emotions and Justice
7 Salvation Redemption from Slavery
The First Redemption Mission
The Second Redemption Mission
Danish Emissaries in the Catholic Stronghold
The Bottom Line
Trials of a Redeemer
Comparison and Aftermath
8 Cultural Memory Scribes of Memory
A Tool of National Memory: The Turkish Raid in School Textbooks
9 The Visible Turkish Raid Landscape
Works of Art
I Quatri Mori by Pietro Tacca
Adriaen Matham’s Drawings
Kross: A Sword Out of the Mouth of Christ
Epilogue Context and Connections of the Turkish Raid
The Place of the Turkish Raid: Event and Memory
Tracing the Course of Events
Micro and Macro, Past and Present
Students of piracy, Mediterranean corsairs, captivity, ransoming and slavery, cultural memory of trauma, and early modern encounters between Islam and Christianity, and between Denmark and Iceland, and their relations with the “Barbary” cities of Algiers and Salé.