Order and Compromise: Government Practices in Turkey from the Late Ottoman Empire to the Early 21st Century


Order and Compromise questions the historicity of government practices in Turkey from the late Ottoman Empire up to the present day. It explores how institutions at work are being framed by constant interactions with non-institutional characters from various social realms. This volume thus approaches the state-society continuum as a complex and shifting system of positions. Inasmuch as they order and ordain, state authorities leave room for compromise, something which has hitherto been little studied in concrete terms. By combining in-depth case studies with an interdisciplinary conceptual framework, this collection helps apprehend the morphology and dynamics of public action and state-society relations in Turkey.

Contributors are: Marc Aymes, Olivier Bouquet, Nicolas Camelio, Nathalie Clayer, Anouck Gabriela Corte-Real Pinto, Berna Ekal, Benoît Fliche, Muriel Girard, Benjamin Gourisse, Sümbül Kaya, Noémi Lévy Aksu, Élise Massicard, Jean-François Pérouse, Clémence Scalbert Yücel, Emmanuel Szurek and Claire Visier.

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Marc Aymes, PhD (2005), Aix-Marseille 1 University, is a permanent research fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris. His works focus on Mediterranean provincials and forging Ottomans. He currently serves as an editor of the European Journal of Turkish Studies and of the journal Labyrinthe: Atelier interdisciplinaire. His most recent publications include A Provincial History of the Ottoman Empire: Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean in the Nineteenth Century (Routledge, 2014).

Benjamin Gourisse, PhD (2010) Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Paris), is an associate professor of political science at Paris-Dauphine University. He is the autor of La Violence politique en Turquie, l’État en jeu (1975-1980) (Karthala, 2014).

Élise Massicard, PhD (2002), Institut d’Études Politiques (Paris), is a permanent research fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris. Her works focus on the political sociology of contemporary Turkey. She has authored The Alevis in Turkey and Europe (Routledge, 2012) and co-edited Negotiating Political Power in Turkey: Breaking up the Party (Routledge, 2013).
“This book is not only a substantial contribution to the study of the Turkish State in particular, but also a valuable volume for State studies in general.”
Dilek Yankaya in ERIS Vol. 5, Issue 2/2018, 66–70
List of Tables and Figures
List of Abbreviations
List of Contributors
Introductory Note
1. Order and Compromise: The Concrete Realities of Public Action in Turkey and the Ottoman Empire, Benjamin Gourisse
2. Defective Agency, Marc Aymes
3. Is it Time to Stop Speaking about Ottoman Modernisation?, Olivier Bouquet
4. The Linguist and the Politician: The Türk Dil Kurumu and the Field of Power in the 1930-40s, Emmanuel Szurek
5. An Imposed or a Negotiated Laiklik? The Administration of the Teaching of Islam in Single-Party Turkey, Nathalie Clayer
6. “The Military Seize the Law”: The Drafting of the 1961 Constitution, Nicolas Camelio
7. Institutional Cooperation and Substitution: the Ottoman Police and Justice System at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Noémi Lévy Aksu
8. The State without the Public: Some Conjectures about the Administration for Collective Housing (TOKİ), Jean-François Pérouse
9. Heritage as a Category of Public Policy in the Southeastern Anatolia Region, Muriel Girard, Clémence Scalbert Yücel
10. European Policies to Support “Civil Society”: Embodying a Form of Public Action, Claire Visier
11. The Incomplete Civil Servant? The Figure of the Neighbourhood Headman (Muhtar), Élise Massicard
12. Military Domination by Donations, Anouck Gabriela Corte-Real Pinto
13. Women’s Shelters as State Institutions, Berna Ekal
14. The Socialisation of Those Called up for “Training in the Love of the Motherland” as Part of Military Service in Turkey, Sümbül Kaya
15. Officialdom and the Woman Who Was 'Meant to Be Dead': The Ethnography of an Exfoliation, Benoît Fliche
16. Deceptive Agency, Marc Aymes
All interested in the history and politics of modern Turkey, including scholars and graduate students in Middle East Studies and historical sociology, as well as policymakers dealing with the region.
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