Agricultural Reform and Rural Transformation in China since 1949


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Since its founding, the government of the People's Republic of China has strived to transform rural production, the theme of this volume of History of Contemporary China. Fourteen articles translated from the Chinese journal Contemporary History (Dangdai Zhongguo shi yanjiu) offer both empirical account and theoretical analysis of a broad range of historical events and issues, such as the guiding policy framework of the “three rural issues,” the causes and consequences of the deep plowing movement and the development of public canteens during the Great Leap Forward, child care, enterprises and collectives, and private lending in the post-Mao era, and the changing dynamics of interregional flows of goods and people throughout the second half of the 20th century. These studies shed light on the historical origins of some of the agricultural and rural problems in China today.

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Pages: 361–375
Thomas David DuBois studied Chinese history at the University of California, Los Angeles, and is currently Senior Research Fellow at the Australian National University. His publications include Empire and the Meaning of Religion in Manchuria, 1900-1945 (Cambridge University Press 2016), Religion and the Making of Modern East Asia (Cambridge University Press 2011), and Sacred Village: Social Change and Religious Life in Rural North China (University of Hawai’i Press 2005). DuBois is chief editor of the Brill “Historical Studies of Contemporary China” series.

Huaiyin Li received his M.A. from the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in 1987 and Ph.D. from UCLA in 2000. He is a professor of history and Asian studies and director of the Center for East Asian Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. His books include Village Governance in North China, 1875–1936 (Stanford, 2005), Village China under Socialism and Reform: A Microhistory, 1948–2008 (Stanford, 2009), and Reinventing Modern China: Imagination and Authenticity in Chinese Historical Writing (Hawai’i, 2013).
List of Contributors vii
Translator’s Note ix
Introduction: Chinese Agriculture and Rural Development Reexamined: Western and
Chinese Perspectives 1
Huaiyin Li and Thomas DuBois
Part 1 Political Programs in Practice
1 The Origins and Development of China’s “Three Rural Issues” 25
Lu Xueyi
2 The Scale and Distribution of New Rich Peasants after the People’s
Republic of China’s Land Reforms 52
Su Shaozhi
3 The Deep Plowing Movement of the “Great Leap Forward” 74
Zhu Xianling, Ding Zhaojun and Hu Huakai
4 A Study of the Construction of Terraced Fields in Liulin County, Shanxi
Province in the Era of Collectivization 101
Hao Ping
5 Historical Observations Regarding the Large-scale Establishment of
Rural Public Canteens in Hebei Province 115
Li Chunfeng
6 From Busy-Season Childcare Centers to Full-scale Kindergartens—Rural
Childcare Organizations in Shanxi Province in the 1950s 133
Han Xiaoli
7 Restitution Paid by Rural People’s Cooperatives in the 1960s—An
Inquiry Focused on Jiangsu Province 155
Wang Yugui
8 Transformations to Commune and Brigade Enterprises and the Rise of
Rural Private Enterprises in Gaoyang County, Hebei Province in the
Early Days of Reform and Opening 192
Feng Xiaohong
9 Analysis of the Construction of Village Collective Economic
Organizations and Related Issues in Changshu City—Four Case
Studies 212
Zheng Yougui
Part 2 Flows of Goods, Money and People
10 The History of Rural Private Lending in Hubei Province,
1952–1954 231
Su Shaozhi and Chang Mingming
11 The South-to-North and North-to-South Flows of Grains and
Cereals—Changes to Directions and Quantities of Flows of Grains
and Cereals between North and South in Contemporary China 267
Zheng Yougui, Ou Weizhong, Kuang Chanjuan and Jiao Hongpo
12 Three Historic Changes to Inter-regional Grain Flows in the People’s
Republic of China and Their Causes 287
Qu Shang and Su Shaozhi
13 Rural Population Flows in the Era of Collectivization—A Study of the
Border Region between Jiangxi, Fujian, and Guangdong
Provinces 314
You Haihua
14 A Review of Research on the State Monopoly 330
Wang Danli
Index 361
The HSCC series will be of interest to the well informed general reader, as well as scholars, researchers and policy makers, in the relevant disciplines and areas of focus on contemporary China.
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