Accidents in History

Injuries, Fatalities and Social Relations

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Editors: Roger Cooter and Bill Luckin
There is now an extensive literature on the social and environmental consequences of living in the risk society. Studies of trauma are also increasingly prominent. But scant attention has been paid to perceptions of risk and danger in the past — in particular, to the history of accidents and the meanings of the accidental. This collection of interdisciplinary essays addresses this lacuna providing a theoretically informed historical sociology of the accident and risk. It explores the social and cultural contexts in which ‘acts of God', calamities, catastrophes, disasters, injuries, casualties, and other category of ‘mishaps' were experienced, conceptualized and responded to.
Drawing on the skills of British, European and North American scholars, Accidents in History combines philosophical, sociological and ecological overviews with in-depth historical case-studies. It spans the period from the eighteenth century to the present, probing the epistemological, social and political roots of the accidental. The authors differentiate between industrial and other forms of injury; trace the origins of the normalization of accidents; and analyze the interactions and gendered discrepancies between domestic and non-domestic mishaps. They also investigate the medicalization of sudden injury, and discuss the emergence of new socio-medical and humanitarian discourses around the organization of relief for victims.

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”… [an] important, pioneering book… , the brief bibliography is valuable […] This is a pioneering work … an original and important book … it will, more than most histories, make the reader think about large questions such as the meaning of fate - both personal and social - in history. The unforeseen has had devastating effects on ordinary people and whole societies … Not only specialists in the history of technology, medicine, gender, and the inarticulate should know these essays - the social reactions to accidents, as the authors show, can illuminate all social history.” in: JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HISTORY, Vol. 32, Nr. 2
Acknowledgements

1. Accidents in History: An Introduction
Roger COOTER and Bill LUCKIN

2. Philosophy and the Accident
Robert CAMPBELL

3. Accidents: The Remnants of a Modern Classificatory System
Judith GREEN

4. Working Environments: An Ecological Approach to Industrial Health and Safety
Arthur F. McEVOY

5. Accidents in the Eighteenth Century
Roy PORTER

6. The Moment of the Accident: Culture, Militarism and Modernity in Late-Victorian Britain
Roger COOTER

7. Civilian Ambulances and Lifesaving Societies: The European Experience, 1870-1914
John F. HUTCHINSON

8. What are Occupational Diseases? Risk and Risk Manage-ment in Industrial Medicine in Germany
Dietrich MILLES

9. Housewives as Home Safety Managers: The Changing Perception of the Home as a Place of Hazard and Risk, 1870-1940
Joel A. TARR and Mark TEBEAU

10. War on the Roads: Traffic Accidents and Social Tension in Britain, 1939-45
Bill LUCKIN

Bibliography
Index