Explorations in Corpus Linguistics contains selected papers from the eighteenth International Conference on English Language Research on Computerised Corpora (ICAME 18). The papers give a broad overview of the latest activities in corpus linguistics. Issues associated with the creation of corpora are raised, topics ranging from corpus design, to problems of rare data acquisition and data protection, to the relative merits of corpora and free text collections. The main body of the volume is devoted to reports on the analysis of corpora. Several papers offer synchronic descriptions of aspects of modern language usage, in both spoken and written corpora. Some corpora are 'general' in content; those deriving from specialised textual domains include parallel corpora of international varieties of English and of learner language. The diachronic dimension of corpus-based study is also represented, in the examination of some modern-day grammatical features from a historical perspective, and by socio-pragmatic and sociolinguistic studies of diachronic corpus data. The principal aim of English corpus linguistics as reflected here is to describe language in use; there are also cases where such description forms a basis for the development of resources and tools, including specialised taggers, an Internet-based grammar, a glossary, and software to identify semantic relations and diachronic change within corpora.
Preface. I. CORPUS DEVELOPMENT: METHODS AND ISSUES. Kristine HASUND: Protecting the innocent: The issue of informants' anonymity in the COLT corpus Error! Bookmark not defined. Jukka KERÄNEN: The Corpus of early English correspondence: Progress report. II. CORPUS ANALYSIS: SYNCHRONIC AND DIACHRONIC STUDIES. Gunnar BERGH, Aimo SEPPÄNEN & Joe TROTTA: Language corpora and the Internet: A joint linguistic resource. Pieter de HAAN: How 'native-like' are advanced learners of English? Christine JOHANSSON and Christer GEISLER: Pied Piping in Spoken English. Göran KJELLMER: Why is nrather dlifficult rather difficult? On changes in English initial consonant clusters. Magnus LEVIN: On concord with collective nouns in English. Magnus LJUNG:
'It is believed that he is dead'. Unspecified source attribution in news texts. Christian MAIR:
Man/woman which... - Last of the old, or first of the new? Manfred MARKUS:
asleep etc.) in postnominal position: Etymology as a cause of word order (corpus-based). Minna NEVALA:
By him that loves you: Address forms in letters written to 16th-century social aspirers. Arja NURMI: Periphrastic DO and the language of social aspirers: Evidence from the
Corpus of Early English Correspondence. Nelleke OOSTDIJK: Language use in a restricted domain. Antoinette RENOUF and R. Harald BAAYEN: Aviating among the hapax legomena: Morphological grammaticalisation in current British newspaper English. Håkan RINGBOM: High-frequency verbs in the ICLE Corpus. Andrea SAND: First findings from ICE-Jamaica: The verb phrase. Anne WICHMANN: Using intonation to create conversational space: Projecting topics and turns. Martin WYNNE, Mick SHORT and Elena SEMINO: A corpus-based investigation of speech, thought and writing presentation in English narrative texts. III. CORPUS LINGUISTICS RESULTS: CREATION OF RESOURCES AND TOOLS. Bas AARTS, Gerald NELSON and Justin BUCKLEY: The Internet grammar of English: New horizons in grammar pedagogy. Alex COLLIER: Identifying diachronic change in semantic relations. Mike PACEY: The use of clustering techniques to reveal semantic relations between words. Pam PETERS: In quest of international English: Mapping the levels of regional divergence.