The predominance and global expansion of homogenizing modes of production, consumption and information risks alienating non-Western and Western people alike from the intellectual and moral resources embedded in their own distinctive cultural traditions. In reaction to the erosion of traditional cultures and civilizations, we seem to be witnessing the re-emergence of a tendency to “re-ethnicize the mind” through renewed and more or less systematic cultural revivals worldwide (e.g., “hinduization,” “ivoirization,” “sinofication,” “islamicization,” “indigenization,” etc.). How do and should
philosophers understand and assess the significance and impact of this phenomenon? Authors acquainted with the contemporary situation in Africa, Asia, the Middle-East, South-America, and Europe try to answer this question.
In the final analysis, the authors of this original and groundbreaking collection of essays plead for a full critical engagement with one’s own particularity while at the same time rejecting any form of cultural, national or regional chauvinism. They consider various ways in which local and global conceptions as well as practices can and already do judiciously inform and positively fertilize each other. At this juncture of history, they argue, societies and peoples must articulate their self-identity by looking critically at their respective cultural resources, and beyond them at the same time.
Acknowledgements Jürgen HENGELBROCK: Editor’s Preface: Re-ethnicizing the Minds? Cultural Revival in Contemporary Thought Thorsten BOTZ-BORNSTEIN: Editor’s Introduction: Philosophy as Space: Goethe’s
Weltliteratur and a Potential “World Philosophy”
Africa Jürgen HENGELBROCK: Emotion is Black Like Reason is Greek: Remembering the Fight for the Africans’ Recognition as Human Beings Benoît OKONDA OKOLO: A New Discourse on Universality Mogobe B. RAMOSE: Alexis Kagame on the Bantu Philosophy of Be-ing, Aristotle’s
De interpretatione Innocent I. ASOUZU: Redefining Ethnicity Within “The Complementary System of Thought’’ in African Philosophy
South America Yolanda ANGULO PARRA: Latin America Between Horror and Beauty: A Critical Approach to the Effects of Globalization Richard L.W. CLARKE: The Historiography of Caribbean Philosophy António SIDEKUM: Globalization and the Alienation of Mentality in Brazil
Asia Ole DÖRING: Social Darwinism, Liberal Eugenics and the Example of Bioethics in China Peter SAEVERIN: Overlapping Identities: “Brain Circulation”. In South Asia and the Concept of “Rational Irrationality”
Europe Evert van der ZWEERDE: What is Russian About Russian Philosophy? Mikhail EPSTEIN: Russian Philosophy of National Spirit from the 1970s to the 1990s Tere VADÉN: What is “Local Thinking”? (Can There be Finnish Philosophy?) Kari SALLAMAA: What is Ethnofuturism? Thoughts on Uralic Philosophy Rauna KUOKKANEN: The Logic of the Gift: Reclaiming Indigenous Peoples’ Philosophies
Middle East Zain IMTIAZ ALI: Encountering Modernity: An Islamic Perspective Mahmoud MASAELI: The Dialogical Self as Debated Among Contemporary Shiite Thinkers Martin LEINER: Between Social Reform and Terrorism: Ethics as a Topic in the Muslim Renewal (A Case Study for some Elements of the Development of Islamism in Egypt, Pakistan and Morocco) Elizabeth Suzanne KASSAB: Contemporary Arab Critique of Islamicization as a Form of Re-ethnicization Bassam ROMAYA: Iraq and the Question of Philosophy Miriam BANKOVSKY: Judaizing Ethical Politics: Levinas, Difficult Freedom, and the Messianic City
Further Developments Thorsten BOTZ-BORNSTEIN: Ethnophilosophy, Comparative Philosophy, Pragmatism: Towards a Philosophy of Ethnoscapes Nader N. CHOKR: A Fundamental Misconception of ‘Culture’: Philosophical and Political Implications Jean-Michel MUGLIONI: Cosmopolitanism and Globalization Seen From a Hellenistic Point of View Jürgen HENGELBROCK: Categorical Universalism and Cultural Pluralism Based on Man’s Unconditional Duty Bibliography Contributors Index