Moral Conflicts of Organ Retrieval: A Case for Constructive Pluralism

Second Revised and Expanded Edition


In this revised edition of Moral Conflicts of Organ Retrieval: A Case for Constructive Pluralism, Charles Hinkley elaborates on his moral philosophy of constructive pluralism and updates the literature on organ retrieval strategies. Hinkley challenges a deeply entrenched moral triad: 1) moral values are comparable; 2) the weighing metaphor helps us conceptualize decisions regarding conflicting values; and 3) there is a single best discoverable response to a moral decision. This book offers an alternative—cases of incomparability, a constructing or making metaphor, and multiple permissible responses to some moral questions. Constructive pluralism has important implications for organ transplantation, health, and ethics.

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Charles Hinkley, M.A., Ph.D, currently serves as Dean of Academic Success at Northwest Vista College in San Antonio, Texas. His interests include moral philosophy, applied sociology, and alternative approaches to education.


Part I: A Philosophical Framework

1. Dilemmas, Conflicts, and Residue

2. Medical Ethics and Its Limitations

3. Pluralism, Incommensurability, and Weighing

Part II: Conflicts of Organ Retrieval

4. Transplant Recipients’ Quality of Life

5. Can We Wrong the Dead?

6. Defining Death

7. The Selling of Organs

8. Xenografts

9. Stem Cell Research

Part III: A Philosophical Response

10. The Regulative Principle

11. Constructive Pluralism



About the Author

This book should appeal to anyone interested in ethics and organ transplantation, especially those interested in exploring alternative moral frameworks.