Science in Culture

Translated from the Polish by Hugh McDonald


This book tries to uncover science’s discoverer and explain why the conception of science has been changing during the centuries, and why science can be beneficial and dangerous for humanity. Far from being hermetic, this research can be interesting for all who want to understand deeper what really conditions the place of science in culture.

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"Science in Culture deserves to be studied as the masterful work it is in itself. It should also, however, be regarded as a seminal foundation for an evaluation of the postmodern condition of science." – in: Review of Metaphysics LXI/2 (December 2007)
"This is an important book that looks at how the concept of science has been changing over the course of centuries. …[Jaroszynski] demonstrates how science, over time, became focused on serving utility and technocratic management rather than the idea of science being the search for truth. Jaroszynski’s look at the ideologies of liberalism, communism, and fascism, as modern examples of how people are willing to use science as the primary tool of ideology in order to achieve their goals, is enlightening … A well-organized work, derived from the evaluation of primary sources, very relevant to the university community at large. Highly recommended." – in: CHOICE – Current reviews for academic libraries 44/11 (July 2007)
"Who discovered science? What conditions the place of science in culture? …Jaroszynski … illuminates the non-scientific contexts of the controversy over science and shows the influence of science in culture." – in: SciTech Book News, March 2007
List of Illustrations
Foreword by Mieczysław Albert Krąpiec
Preface by Tadeusz Kwiatkowski
Part One: The Rise of Theoretical Knowledge
One. The Discovery of Science: Greece or the East?
Two. Why the Greeks?
Three. Bios Theoretikos
Four. Philosophy’s Rise from Sensations to Wisdom
Five. Knowledge and Opinion
Six. Theoretical Features of the Object of Scientific Cognition
Seven. Theoretical Justification
Eight. Theoretical Proof
Nine. Types of Science
Part Two: The Hellenistic Deformation of Theoretical Knowledge
Ten. Knowledge or Philosophy of the Sake of Praxis
Eleven. Neo-Platonism: An End Beyond Knowledge
Part Three: Philosophy and Theology in Relation to Revelation
Twelve. Aversion to Pagan Authority
Thirteen. Handmaiden to Theology
Fourteen. Sacred Scripture and the Problem of Interpretation: The Sentences
Fifteen. Metaphysics and Natural Theology
Sixteen. Philosophy in the Service of Theology
Part Four: Science: Toward Technology and Ideology
Seventeen. The Problem of the Continuity of Science in the Middle Ages
Eighteen. The Problem of Experimental Science in the Middle Ages
Nineteen. The Mathematization of Scientific Knowledge
Twenty. The Influence of Nominalism
Part Five: Science as Technology
Twenty-One. The Quest for an Earthly Paradise
Twenty-Two. The End of Knowledge: Complete Utilitarianism
Twenty-Three. The Influence of the East
Twenty-Four. Science and Utopia: From the House of Solomon to the Royal Society
Twenty-Five. A New Model of Scientific Knowledge
Twenty-Six. Philosophy and Gnosticism
Part Six: The Transformation of Philosophy into Ideology
Twenty-Seven. Ideas–Concepts–Impressions
Twenty-Eight. The War against Idols
Twenty-Nine. The Critique of Catholicism and Metaphysics
Thirty. Ideology and the New Social Order
Thirty-One. Ideology: The Evolution of the Concept
Part Seven: Toward a New World Order
Thirty-Two. Kant: The World Before Reason’s Tribunal
Thirty-Three. Auguste Comte: Toward a New Age
Thirty-Four. Neopositivism at War with Metaphysics
Thirty-Five. Science and the New World Order or Science in the Service of Globalism
Part Eight: The Place of Science in Culture
Thirty-Six. What is Culture?
Thirty-Seven. The Domains of Culture
Thirty-Eight. Ends, Limits, and Directions in the Growth of Science
Thirty-Nine. Conclusion
About the Author
Index of Works
Index of Authors, Editors, and Translators
Index of Subjects
Index of Names
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