The Petrograd Workers in the Russian Revolution is a study of the Russian Revolutions of 1917 and of the first months of Soviet power as viewed and experienced 'from below', by the industrial workers of Petrograd, Russia’s capital and the centre of its revolutionary movement. Based largely on contemporary sources, it lets the workers speak for themselves, showing them as conscious, creative subjects of the revolutionary process, indeed, as the leading force of the revolution. In doing so, it sheds light on the nature and role of the Bolshevik party as an authentic workers’ organization that by the summer of 1917 had become the leading political force among workers.
Revised and expanded edition of two books published in English, namely: The Petrograd Workers and the Fall of the Old Regime (Macmillan, 1983) and The Petrograd Workers and the Soviet Seizure of Power (Macmillan, 1984).
David Mandel, PhD. (1977), Columbia University, is a professor of political science and a labour activist. He has authored monographs and articles on politics and labour in revolutionary Russia, the Soviet Union, and in post-Soviet Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.
List of Tables and Maps Glossary
1 Types of Political Culture in the Industrial Working-Class of Petrograd The Skilled Workers Unskilled Workers The ‘Worker Aristocracy’ The Generational Factor
2 The Social Composition of the Industrial Working Class of Petrograd and its Districts The Social Composition of Petrograd’s Districts The Vyborg District Petergof and Narva Districts Vasilevskii ostrov Petrograd District Moskovskaya zastava Nevskii-Obukhovskii District Kolomna District Second City District First City District Rozhdestvenskii District Okhta and Porokhovskii Districts
3 The Honeymoon Period – From the February to the April Days The Labour Movement during the War The February Revolution – The Birth of Dual Power Census Society Dual Power in Light of Attitudes before the Revolution Why Dual Power?
4 The February Revolution in the Factories The Eight-Hour Day Wages The Press Campaign against ‘Worker Egoism’ Worker-Management Relations: ‘Democratisation of Factory Life’ Purge of the Factory Administrations The Factory Committees
5 From the April to the July Days The April Days The First Coalition Government The Break with Census Society Underlying Causes of the Shift to Soviet Power
6 The Struggle for Power in the Factories in April–June
7 The July Days The Workers and the Menshevik-SR Soviet Majority The July Days Reaction Unleashed
8 Rethinking the Revolution: Revolutionary Democracy or Proletarian Dictatorship? Census Society on the Offensive Final Rejection of ‘Conciliationism’ The Question of ‘Revolutionary Democracy’
9 From the Kornilov Uprising to the Eve of October The Kornilov Uprising The Democratic Conference Setting Course for Soviet Power
10 Class Struggle in the Factories – September–October The Factory Committees under Attack The Struggle for Production – Workers’ Control Checked From Workers’ Control and towards Workers’ Management Factory Committees under Pressure ‘from Below’ The Struggle for Production and the Question of State Power Quiet on the Wage Front
11 On the Eve
12 The October Revolution and the End of ‘Revolutionary Democracy’ Workers’ Attitudes towards the Insurrection The Question of a ‘Homogeneous Socialist Government’ Unity from Below
13 The Constituent Assembly and the Emergence of a Worker Opposition The Elections Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly The Chernorabochie and the Upsurge of Anarchist Influence The Lines Harden
14 The October Revolution in the Factories ‘Active’ or ‘Passive’ Control? Towards Nationalisation Management in Nationalised Enterprises
15 Summon Up Every Last Ounce of Strength or Accept Defeat! Dispersal of Petrograd’s Working Class The ‘Obscene Peace’ Rise and Failure of the Opposition
Anyone interested in the social and political history of the Russian Revolution, the history of socialism, labour history, the sociology of revolutions and social movement.