Migration and Mobility in the Early Roman Empire


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Until recently migration did not occupy a prominent place on the agenda of students of Roman history. Various types of movement in the Roman world were studied, but not under the heading of migration and mobility. Migration and Mobility in the Early Roman Empire starts from the assumption that state-organised, forced and voluntary mobility and migration were intertwined and should be studied together. The papers assembled in the book tap into the remarkably large reservoir of archaeological and textual sources concerning various types of movement during the Roman Principate. The most important themes covered are rural-urban migration, labour mobility, relationships between forced and voluntary mobility, state-organised movements of military units, and familial and female mobility.

Contributors are: Colin Adams, Seth G. Bernard, Christer Bruun, Paul Erdkamp, Lien Foubert, Peter Garnsey, Saskia Hin, Claire Holleran, Tatiana Ivleva, Luuk de Ligt, Elio Lo Cascio, Tracy L. Prowse, Saskia T. Roselaar, Laurens E. Tacoma, Rolf A. Tybout, Greg Woolf, and Andrea Zerbini.

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Luuk de Ligt, Ph.D (1993), Free University of Amsterdam, is Professor of Ancient History at Leiden University. He is the author of Peasants, Citizens and Soldiers: Studies in the Demographic History of Roman Italy 225 BC-AD 100 (Cambridge 2012) and has published extensively on Roman economic history, Roman law and Roman demography.

Laurens E. Tacoma, Ph.D. (2003), Leiden University, is Lecturer of Ancient History at that university. He is the author of Fragile Hierarchies: The Urban Elites of Third Century Egypt (Leiden 2006) and has published various articles on Roman economic history and Roman social history.
Acknowledgements ... vii
List of Figures and Tables ... viii
List of Abbreviations ... x
List of Contributors ... xiv

1 Approaching Migration in the Early Roman Empire ... 1
Luuk de Ligt and Laurens E. Tacoma

2 The Impact of Migration on the Demographic Profile of the City of Rome: A Reassessment ... 23
Elio Lo Cascio

3 Seasonal Labour and Rural–Urban Migration in Roman Italy ... 33
Paul Erdkamp

4 Food Distributions and Immigration in Imperial Rome ... 50
Seth G. Bernard

5 Migration in Early-Imperial Italy: Herculaneum and Rome Compared ... 72
Peter Garnsey and Luuk de Ligt

6 Labour Mobility in the Roman World: A Case Study of Mines in Iberia ... 95
Claire Holleran

7 State-Organised Mobility in the Roman Empire: Legionaries and Auxiliaries ... 138
Saskia T. Roselaar

8 Peasants into Soldiers: Recruitment and Military Mobility in the Early Roman Empire ... 158
Tatiana Ivleva

9 Tracing Familial Mobility: Female and Child Migrants in the Roman West ... 176
Christer Bruun

10 Isotopes and Mobility in the Ancient Roman World ... 205
Tracy L. Prowse

11 Revisiting Urban Graveyard Theory: Migrant Flows in Hellenistic and Roman Athens ... 234
Saskia Hin

12 Migration in Roman Egypt: Problems and Possibilities ... 264
Colin Adams

13 Mobile Women in P.Oxy. and the Port Cities of Roman Egypt: Tracing Women’s Travel Behaviour in Papyrological Sources ... 285
Lien Foubert

14 Human Mobility in the Roman Near East: Patterns and Motives ... 305
Andrea Zerbini

15 Moving Epigrams: Migration and Mobility in the Greek East ... 345
Laurens E. Tacoma and Rolf A. Tybout

16 Dead Men Walking: The Repatriation of Mortal Remains ... 390
Rolf A. Tybout

17 Movers and Stayers ... 438
Greg Woolf

References ... 463
Index ... 513
All interested in patterns and modalities of migration and mobility in the Roman world, and anyone interested in voluntary, state-organised and forced migration in pre-modern societies.
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