Microclimate, Vegetation & Fauna

In Microclimate, Vegetation & Fauna the ecologist meets the meteorologist: it is about the biological aspects of microclimate and its variation in horizontal and vertical directions. The great diversity found in the various habitats is stressed, also as far as the microclimate is concerned.The stronghold of this book on microclimatology or the ‘minor weather’ in the immediate surroundings of plants and animals is its capacity to unravel the causal relationships between climate, topography, soils, vegetation and fauna. The manifold interactions in between are explained in detail and it is concluded that the connections are so intimate that each species has its own microclimate.
This book is unique and interesting for a wide audience. It specifically targets natural scientists and students in biology with an interest in climatology and climatologists with an interest in biology.

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"I consider this book as the best available: concise, practical and an excellent textbook for biologists." Prof. H.Remmerts.

1. Introduction
1.1 Vegetation and macroclimate
1.2 Macro, meso and microclimate

2. Microclimate: principles and processes
2.1 Energy balance of a dry surface
2.2 Solar radiation
2.3 Heat radiation
2.4 Heat transfer to the air
2.5 Air humidity
2.6 Evaporation
2.7 Thermal properties of the soil surface
2.8 Thermal properties of the soil
2.9 The situation at night
2.10 Wind
2.11 Snow
2.12 Aspect and inclination

3. The influence of vegetation on microclimate
3.1 Introduction
3.2 The energy and water balance of the vegetation
3.3 Vegetation and microclimate
3.4 The microclimate of forests
3.5 The microclimate of heathland
3.6 The microclimate of juniper scrub
3.7 The microclimate of grassland
3.8 The microclimate of vegetation edges and gaps

4. The biological significance of the microclimate for plants and animals
4.1 The significance of temperature and air humidity for living organisms
4.2 Resistance and preference
4.3 Phenological aspects
4.4 The influence of microclimate on texture and structure of vegetation

5. The analysis of the microclimate
5.1 Methods of investigation
5.2 Instruments and investigation techniques

6 Birds in the sun
6.1 Energetics and energy flows of birds
6.2 Observations on behaviour

List of symbols
General Index
Index of Latin names