Kind Neighbours: Scottish Saints and Society in the Later Middle Ages


In Kind Neighbours Tom Turpie explores devotion to Scottish saints and their shrines in the later middle ages. He provides fresh insight into the role played by these saints in the legal and historical arguments for Scottish independence, and the process by which first Andrew, and later Ninian, were embraced as patron saints of the Scots. Kind Neighbours also explains the appeal of the most popular Scottish saints of the period and explores the relationship between regional shrines and the Scottish monarchy.
Rejecting traditional interpretations based around church-led patriotism or crown patronage, Turpie draws on a wide range of sources to explain how religious, political and environmental changes in the later middle ages shaped devotion to the saints in Scotland.

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Tom Turpie gained his Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh in 2011. He is the author of several articles on the cult of the saints in medieval Scotland.
"[A] nuanced and precise analysis of the deeply personal and localised nature of devotion to saints across the Middle Ages."
Claire Harrill, Journal of the Northern Reniassance, Reviews Published in 2016, URL:, Date accessed: 22 December, 2016.
Acknowledgements ix
List of Tables x
Abbreviations xi
Introduction 1
1 Patrons: Saints and Sovereignty in Medieval Scotland 14
1 The Independence of the Scottish Church and the Earliest
History of the Scots 15
2 The Death of Alexander III and the Seal of the Guardians 22
3 Patron Saints in the Wars of Independence 28
4 Andrew and the Scots in the Later Middle Ages and the
Chronicles of Wyntoun and Bower 34
5 The Rise of Ninian and the New Histories of the Sixteenth
Century 41
6 Andrew, Ninian and the Historical Tradition 46
2 Protection and Salvation: Devotion to the Saints 47
1 Fasts and Feasts. Scottish Calendars and the Aberdeen Breviary 48
2 Seeking the Miraculous. Pilgrimage in Late Medieval Scotland 59
3 Preparing for the Hereafter. Dedications to the Saints in
Scottish Churches 70
4 John, Mary and Mungo. Names in Late Medieval Scotland 89
5 Nationalism or Localism? Placing Devotion to Scottish Saints in
Context 92
3 Kind Neighbours: Ninian and the Saints of Scotland in the
Later Middle Ages 94
1 The Ninian Debate 95
2 Ninian and the Scottish Crown 96
3 Miracles and Shrine Management at Whithorn 100
4 Crossing Borders. Devotion to Ninian Outside Scotland 108
5 Duthac of Tain. The Demi-God of Ross 116
6 Kings, Merchants and the Common People. The Devotees of
St Duthac 119
7 Duthac’s Hair Shirt and Other Miracles 124
8 The New Friends. Fillan, Monan and Triduana 127
9 The Old Friends. Columba and Kentigern 133
10 New Old Saints in Late Medieval Scotland 138
4 Politics: The Stewart Kings and Scottish Saints, c. 1440–1560 140
1 Periphery and Core in Fifteenth-century Scotland 141
2 The Pilgrim Kings. James iv and James v 146
3 Exploiting the Power of the Saints 153
Conclusion 154
Epilogue 157
1 Fire and Water. The Reformation and the End of the
Age of the Saints 157
2 The Return of the Saints? Catholicism in the Twenty-First Century
and Tourism 160
Bibliography 163
1 Primary Sources: Manuscripts 163
2 Printed Primary and Secondary Sources 165
Index 185
All those interested in the cult of the saints and piety in the later middle ages and in medieval Scotland in general.
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