History of Global Christianity, Vol. II

History of Christianity in the 19th century

At the beginning of the 19th century, “Christendom” was still largely restricted to Europe and the Americas. But by the end of the century this picture had been radically transformed. Spreading the Christian message through mission and colonialism had changed the map of global Christianity. Moreover, challenged by new political ideologies such as Liberalism and Socialism, as well as encounters with other religions, the face of Christianity had changed towards the beginning of the 20th century.

This volume relates the dynamics of Christianity during the 19th century in ten chapters, addressing parts of the world where Christianity played a role of significance, such as Russia, Africa and the Middle East, as well as the confrontations with different ideologies.

Contributors are: Margaret Bendroth, Martin Dreher, Christian Gottlieb, Andreas Holzem, Klaus Koschorke, Frieder Ludwig, Hugh McLeod, Mitri Raheb, Ulrike Schröder, Kevin Ward.

This is part of a three volume work on the history of global Christianity. The first volume covers the period from 1500-1789 (Brill, 2017); the third volume, on the 20th century, will be published in 2018.

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Jens Holger Schjørring, Dr. Theol. (Aarhus University), is Professor of Church History emeritus at Aarhus University, Denmark. His publications include Theologische Gewissensethik und politische Wirklichkeit: Das Beispiel Eduard Geismars und Emmanuel Hirschs (1979) and Ökumenische Perspektiven des deutschen Kirchenkampfes (1985) and studies of the relationship between African and European churches and those of Eastern Europe under Communist rule.

Norman A. Hjelm, Teol.Dr. (h.c.) (Uppsala University, 2009), has been senior theological editor and director of Fortress Press in the United States, an executive with the Lutheran World Federation in Geneva, Switzerland, and an ecumenical officer for the National Council of Churches in the U.S. Most recently he has contributed to The Finnish and Estonian Churches during the Cold War (2016) and to The North American Christian Community and the Cold War (2017).
"Focusing more on movements, institutions, and geographical regions than on individual personalities, this resource will help nonspecialists and specialists alike map out topics for further research in the last 500 years of global church movements." - M.S. Hill, Liberty University in *Choice*, November 2018.

"[T]his is an important book because of its ambition to present an international, if not ‘global’, overview. As Kevin Ward rightly points out in the chapter on Africa, by 1900 Christianity may have become global, but in many parts of the world, Christianity, despite its missionary zeal and revivalist momentum, was still a religion of minorities.At its core, History of Christianity in the 19th century remains a fairly classical retreading of older historiographical paths that lead through the Christian nineteenth century, which will be a useful scholarly introduction for students of history and religion and a valid work of reference for researchers." - Kristof Smeyers, University of Antwerp, in: British Catholic History 34:3, pp. 521-523.

"The volumes take a fresh approach in presenting historical research from a global angle, so as to not be constrained by the typical European ethnocentric tunnel vision. Too often Church history was written and prescribed from a Eurocentric perspective, which is as much apparent in its terminology (e.g. Middle East, Near East) as in its proportional selection (more attention for the Atlantic axis). In this regard the series is a ‘Fundgrube’ of data, narratives, and historical reflections not hindered by cultural biases given with the false assumption that modernity and civilisation only started with the wake of Europe." - Henk Bakker, Free University Amsterdam, JEBS 21:1 (2021), pp. 201-203.
Foreword Volume 2
List of Contributors
Introduction to Volume 2
Hugh McLeod

1 Revolutions and the Church: The New Era of Modernity
Hugh McLeod

2 Roman Catholicism, European Ultramontanism, and the First Vatican Council
Andreas Holzem

3 The Protestant Missionary Movement in the Nineteenth Century (Late 18th Century to 1914)
Kevin Ward

4 Christianity in Russia, 1700–1917
Christia0n Gottlieb

5 Christianity in Nineteenth-Century North America
Margaret Bendroth

6 Latin America and the Caribbean in the 19th Century
Martin N. Dreher

7 Christianity in Africa: The Late 18th
Kevin Ward

8 Christianity in the Middle East, 1799–1917
Mitri Raheb

9 Asia in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries
Klaus Koschorke

10 Christianity in the Context of Other World Religions: Interreligious Dynamics and Developments in the 19th
Ulrike Schröder and Frieder Ludwig

Concluding Reflections/Outlook
Hugh McLeod

Index of Names
Index of Places
All interested in the global history of Christianity, its expansion, its relationships to societies and civilizations, and its internal confessional development. Undergraduate and postgraduate students, and students and specialists in history, culture, and ecclesiology.
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