History of Global Christianity, Vol. II

History of Christianity in the 19th century

At the beginning of the 19th century, “Christendom” was still largely restricted to Europe and the Americas. But by the end of the century this picture had been radically transformed. Spreading the Christian message through mission and colonialism had changed the map of global Christianity. Moreover, challenged by new political ideologies such as Liberalism and Socialism, as well as encounters with other religions, the face of Christianity had changed towards the beginning of the 20th century. This volume relates the dynamics of Christianity during the 19th century in ten chapters, addressing parts of the world where Christianity played a role of significance, such as Russia, Africa and the Middle East, as well as the confrontations with different ideologies. Contributors are: Margaret Bendroth, Martin Dreher, Christian Gottlieb, Andreas Holzem, Klaus Koschorke, Frieder Ludwig, Hugh McLeod, Mitri Raheb, Ulrike Schröder, Kevin Ward. This is part of a three volume work on the history of global Christianity. The first volume covers the period from 1500-1789 (Brill, 2017); the third volume, on the 20th century, will be published in 2018.


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Biographical Note

Jens Holger Schjørring, Dr. Theol. (Aarhus University), is Professor of Church History emeritus at Aarhus University, Denmark. His publications include Theologische Gewissensethik und politische Wirklichkeit: Das Beispiel Eduard Geismars und Emmanuel Hirschs (1979) and Ökumenische Perspektiven des deutschen Kirchenkampfes (1985) and studies of the relationship between African and European churches and those of Eastern Europe under Communist rule. Norman A. Hjelm, Teol.Dr. (h.c.) (Uppsala University, 2009), has been senior theological editor and director of Fortress Press in the United States, an executive with the Lutheran World Federation in Geneva, Switzerland, and an ecumenical officer for the National Council of Churches in the U.S. Most recently he has contributed to The Finnish and Estonian Churches during the Cold War (2016) and to The North American Christian Community and the Cold War (2017).

Table of contents

Foreword Volume 2 List of Contributors Introduction to Volume 2Hugh McLeod 1 Revolutions and the Church: The New Era of ModernityHugh McLeod 2 Roman Catholicism, European Ultramontanism, and the First Vatican CouncilAndreas Holzem 3 The Protestant Missionary Movement in the Nineteenth Century (Late 18th Century to 1914)Kevin Ward 4 Christianity in Russia, 1700–1917Christia0n Gottlieb 5 Christianity in Nineteenth-Century North AmericaMargaret Bendroth 6 Latin America and the Caribbean in the 19th CenturyMartin N. Dreher 7 Christianity in Africa: The Late 18thKevin Ward 8 Christianity in the Middle East, 1799–1917Mitri Raheb 9 Asia in the 19th and Early 20th CenturiesKlaus Koschorke 10 Christianity in the Context of Other World Religions: Interreligious Dynamics and Developments in the 19thUlrike Schröder and Frieder Ludwig Concluding Reflections/OutlookHugh McLeod Index of Names Index of Places


All interested in the global history of Christianity, its expansion, its relationships to societies and civilizations, and its internal confessional development. Undergraduate and postgraduate students, and students and specialists in history, culture, and ecclesiology.