This book analyses the processes, mutations and trends currently characterising the world of work that are bound up within the deep contradictions of a global capitalist system troubled by systemic crisis, where the old Fordist and Keynesian state order has been substituted by a minimal, pro-business neoliberal State founded on the intensive restructuring of economic and productive systems and work organisation, characterised by labour deregulation, flexibility, super-exploitation and social precariousness. This is a work that illustrates the paradigmatic transition from social and labour relations based on job security, comprehensive collective agreements and guaranteed social rights, towards new social relations that find their technical, political and organizational roots in job insecurity, work rotation and monumental social insecurity, generally expressed in the systemic and growing loss of social and labour rights by workers the world over.
First published in Spanish by the Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales de la UNAM and Editorial Miguel Ángel de Porrúa as
Los rumbos del trabajo. Superexplotación y precariedad social en el siglo XXI, Mexico, 2012.
Adrián Sotelo Valencia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), is Professor and Researcher of the LatinCentro de Estudios Latinoamericanos at the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences UNAM, Mexico. He has published book and many articles on Latin American issues, sociology of work and dependency theory
List of Tables and Figures
List of Abbreviations
PART I – STRUCTURAL CRISIS AND ABSTRACT LABOUR
1. Capital-labour as Antipodes?
The World of Work: Extinction or Centrality in the Current Day?
Why Speak of an Antipode?
Why does it Persist in the 21st Century?
2. The Labour Process and Productive Labour in Contemporary Capitalism
The Labour Process (Constant and Variable Capital): a Re-evaluation
Productive and Unproductive Labour
3. The Structural Crisis of Capital and Abstract Labour
Absolute and Relative Surplus Value
The Crisis of Relative Surplus Value, the Dismeasure of Value, and the Dismeasure of Labour Power
The Capitalist Crisis as a Crisis of Value & Surplus Value
PART II – THE WORLD OF WORK IN THE 21ST CENTURY
4. Surplus Value and the Super-exploitation of Labour
Exploitation and the Labour Theory of Value
Marini’s Approach to the Sociology of Work
Two Patterns of Capital Accumulation: Structural Heterogeneity vs. Technological Standardisation
Labour Power: Strategic to the Production of Extraordinary Profits
The Precariousness of the World of Work
5. The New Morphology of Capitalism
The Socio-political Significance of Old and New Peripheries in the Global Economy
The Character of Super-exploitation under Advanced Capitalism
The Hegemonic of Relative Surplus Value in Capitalism and Labour Super-exploitation
Critiques & Counter-critiques
Super-exploitation, Surplus Value and Rates of Profit
Exploitation in Advanced Countries
Wages and Labour Productivity
Neoliberalism, Austerity and Labour Super-exploitation in Advanced Capitalism
Epilogue: The Future of Work
All interested in sociology of work and problems of dependency in Latin America.