Can knowledge provide its own justification? This sceptical challenge - known as the problem of the criterion - is one of the major issues in the history of epistemology, and this volume provides its first comprehensive study, in a span of time that goes from Sextus Empiricus to Quine.
After an essential introduction to the notions of knowledge and of philosophy of knowledge, the book provides a detailed reconstruction of the history of the problem. There follows a conceptual analysis of its logical features, and a comparative examination of a phenomenology of solutions that have been suggested in the course of the history of philosophy in order to overcome it, from Descartes to Popper. In this context, an indirect approach to the problem of the criterion is defended as the most successful strategy against the sceptical challenge.
Luciano Floridi, Laurea, University of Rome "La Sapienza", M.Phil. and Ph.D. (1990) in Philosophy, University of Warwick, is Research Fellow in Philosophy at Wolfson College, Oxford and Lecturer in Philosophy at St. Anne's College, Oxford. His publications include the essay Sextus Empiricus for the Catalogus Translationum et Commentariorum and The Extension of the Mind, An Introduction to Information Technology for Philosophers (Armando, 1995), and consultant editor of the Iter Italicum on CD-ROM (Brill, 1995).
All those interested in the history of scepticism, the history of philosophy and the history of ideas, as well as in contemporary philosophy of knowledge and analytic epistemology.