This volume offers an appreciation of the value of intertextuality—from Greek, Roman, Jewish, and biblical traditions—as related to the post-apostolic level of Christian development within the second century. Not least of these foundational pillars is the certain impact of the Second Sophistic movement during this period with its insipient influence on much of early Christian theology’s formation. The variety of these strands of inspiration created a tapestry of many diverse elements that came to shape the second-century Christian situation. Here one sees biblical texts at work, Jewish and Greek foundations at play, and interaction among patristic authors as they seek to reconcile their competing perspectives on what it meant to be “Christian” within the contemporary context.
D. Jeffrey Bingham is Associate Dean of Biblical and Theological Studies and Professor of Theology at Wheaton College. He has published widely on the reception of the Bible in early Christianity, second-century Christian theology, Irenaeus and Athenagoras.
Clayton N. Jefford is Professor of Scripture at Saint Meinrad Seminary and School of Theology in Indiana. His recent publications include Reading the Apostolic Fathers (2012), The Epistle to Diognetus (with the Fragment of Quadratus) (2013), and Didache (2013).
The Wisdom of Sirach and the Glue of the Matthew–Didache Tradition
Clayton N. Jefford
2 Clement and the New Testament
Intertextual Relationships of Papias' Gospel Traditions: The Case of Irenaeus, Haer. 5.33.3–4
Intertextual Death: Socrates, Jesus, and Polycarp of Smyrna
Michael W. Holmes
Ignatius of Antioch in Second Century, Asia Minor
A Riddle Wrapped in an Enigma: Pauline Reception in the Antiochene Acts of Ignatius
Candida R. Moss
1 Corinthians 2:9 in the Apostolic Fathers
Melito of Sardis’s Peri Pascha and Its Intertextuality
Lynn H. Cohick
From Justin to Athenagoras
Reading Martyrdom: Intertextuality in the Letter from Vienne and Lyons
D. Jeffrey Bingham
Scripture and Gospel: Intertextuality in Irenaeus
The Demonstration of Intertextuality in Irenaeus of Lyons
Stephen O. Presley
Index of Ancient Sources
All interested in intertextuality within the development of post-apostolic, second-century Christianity and anyone concerned with how early Christians used biblical, Jewish, and Greek texts in an attempt to define themselves within their own setting.