Earliest Christianity within the Boundaries of Judaism

Essays in Honor of Bruce Chilton


Twenty-two essays, written by top scholars in the fields of early Christianity and Judaism, focus on methodological issues, earliest Christianity in its Judaic setting, Gospel studies, and history and meaning in later Christianity. These essays honor Bruce Chilton, recognizing his seminal contribution to the study of earliest Christianity in its Judaic setting. Chilton’s scholarship has established innovative approaches to reconstructing the life of Jesus, a Jew whose religious ideology developed and therefore must be understood within the Judaism of the first centuries. Following upon Chilton’s approaches and insights, the essays collected here illustrate the centrality of the literatures of early Judaism to the critical exegesis of the New Testament and other writings of early Christianity.

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Alan Avery-Peck is Kraft-Hiatt Professor of Judaic Studies in the Department of Religious Studies at the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Craig A. Evans is the John Bisagno Distinguished Professor of Christian Origins at Houston Baptist University in Texas. He is the author of several books on Jesus and the Gospels and the Jewish setting of early Christianity.

Jacob Neusner is Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History and Theology of Judaism and Senior Fellow, Institute of Advanced Theology, at Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York.
The Contributors
Part 1: Methodology
A Phenomenological Approach to Values and Valuing: A Research Strategy, M. Kathryn Armistead
Justification: An Essay on Approach and Method in Biblical Studies, Baruch A. Levine
Critical Issues in the Formation of the Hebrew Bible, Lee Martin McDonald
Part 2: Earliest Christianity in Its Judaic Setting
Gamaliel and Paul, Richard Bauckham
What Shall We Remember, The Deeds or the Faith of Our Ancestors? A Comparison of 1 Maccabees 2 and Hebrews 11, Christian M.M. Brady
Reading Paul in Relation to Judaism: Comparison or Contrast?, William S. Campbell
The Targums and the Apostle Paul, Delio DelRio
Few and Far Between: The Life of a Creed, Scot McKnight
Patterns of Prophecy, Jacob Neusner
What James Was, His More Famous Brother Was Also, John Painter
Part 3: Gospel Studies
The Compassionate Father of Two Difficult Sons (Luke 15:11-32) and Judaic Interpretation of the Ark and 2 Samuel 6, Roger David Aus
Parables of Jesus: Told and Enacted, Frederick Houk Borsch
Passover and the Date of the Crucifixion, Philip R. Davies
An Aramaic Parable in a Greek Gospel: The Quest for the Original Meaning of the Vineyard Parable, Craig A. Evans
The Gospel of Mark in Syriac Christianity, Daniel M. Gurtner
The Legacy of B.F. Westcott and Oral Gospel Tradition, Stanley E. Porter
Misunderstood New Testament Texts: Mark 2:23 and Galatians 2:1, John Townsend
Part 4: History and Meaning in the Later Church
Origen: Exegesis, Contemplative Prayer, and the Limits of Language, Robert M. Berchman
Exploring the Origins of the descensus ad inferos, J.H. Charlesworth
The Chalcedonian Formula and Twentieth Century Ecumenism, Paul B. Clayton, Jr.
The Gospel of Participation, Klyne Snodgrass
One Supper, Many Suppers: The Eucharist in the Earliest Christian Communities, Armand Puig Tarrech
Major Publications of Bruce Chilton
Index of Biblical and Post-Biblical References
Index of Topics

The volume is aimed at scholars in the areas of New Testament Studies, Early Christianity, and Judaism.