Gender Equality on a Grand Tour. Politics and Institutions – the Nordic Council, Sweden, Lithuania and Russia explores the politics around the establishment, development and transformation of gender equality institutions in the Nordic countries (on the example of Sweden), in the former communist countries east of the Baltic Sea region (the example of Lithuania) and in the northwestern part of Russia. The authors analyze the interplay between the internationalization and Europeanization of gender equality on the one hand and national and local contexts on the other. Gender Equality on a Grand Tour also is the first study to explore the role of one of the leading transnational actors in the region - the Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers - in gender equality institutionalization in the Baltic Sea region.
Eva Blomberg, Ph.D. (1995) is Professor in History at the Södertörn University, Sweden. She has published several articles and monographs on gender history, such as 'Gender Relations in Iron Mining Communities in Sweden 1900-1940' in Mining Women. Gender in the Development of a Global Industry, 1670-2005 by Jaclyn J. Gier & Laurie Mercier (Eds.) (Palgrave, 2006).
Yulia Gradskova is Associate Professor at the Institute of Contemporary History, Södertörn University, Sweden. She has a Ph.D. in History (Södertörn University, 2007). Together with Sara Sanders she recently edited a volume Institutionalizing Gender Equality. Historical and Global Perspective (Lexington, 2015).
Ylva Waldemarson Ph.D. (2000) is Professor in History at Södertörn University, Sweden. She has published several monographs and articles on modern political history, including 'Openness and Elite Oral History: The Case of Sweden' in The Paradox of Openness. Transparency and Participation in Nordic Cultures of Consensus by Norbert Götz and Carl Marklund (Eds.) (Brill, 2014).
Alina Žvinklienė, Ph.D. (1988) and a post-doctoral habilitation procedure in Social Sciences (2006) is a principal researcher at the Institute of Sociology of Lithuanian Centre for Social Research. Her main research fields are democratisation and social development in post-communist countries, human rights, identities and citizenship in multicultural societies from a gender perspective. She has published four books (as both co-editor and co-author) and more than 50 articles and chapters in books in English and Lithuanian, which have also appeared in Russian, French and Japanese, since 1987.
Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations
1 Introduction. Gender Equality on a Grand Tour: Politics and Institutions – The Nordic Council, Sweden, Lithuania and Russia Eva Blomberg, Yulia Gradskova, Ylva Waldemarson and Alina Zvinkliene Theoretical Approaches
Gender Equality in the Nordic Countries and Around the Baltic Sea as a Field of Scholarly Inquiry
Contents and Structure
2 Gender Equality the Nordic Way: The Nordic Council’s and Nordic Council of Ministers’ Cooperation with the Baltic States and Northwest Russia in the Political Field of Gender Equality 1999–2010 Ylva Waldemarson Introduction
Points of Departure
The Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers
A Nordic Model of Gender Equality
Bringing Gender Equality on the Political Agenda
A Difficult Mission
Utilitarian Politics: The Use of Gender Equality
3 Political Changes and Gender Equality in the Baltic States: The Case of Lithuania Alina Žvinklienė Introduction
Politics of Visibility and Recognition in the Baltic States
Woman Mainstreaming in the Baltic Soviet Socialistic Republics (1940–1990/91)
Gender Mainstreaming in the Baltic States (1990/91-now)
Beyond the Management of Equal Opportunities. The Case of Lithuania (1990–2014)
Conclusions: Mediators and Innovations in Gender Equality Politics in the Baltic States
4 I Am Just Looking for a Fair Assessment: The Equal Opportunities Ombudsman in Sweden 1980–2008 Eva Blomberg Introduction
Starting Point: Influences from
since the 1960s
The Transnational Ombudsman
The Gender Equality Policy Debate
Conclusion: Gender Equality
5 Russia – A “Difficult Case” for Gender Equality? The Transnational Politics of Women’s Rights and Northwest Russia: The Case of Nordic-Russian Cooperation Yulia Gradskova Changing Contexts: Soviet “equality of men and women,” Post-Soviet Reforms and the Arrival of “gender equality” in Russia
Cooperating for Women’s Rights and Democracy Building: The Nordic Perspective on Cooperation with Russia
Women’s Rights Activism and the Institutionalization of Gender Equality: The Perspective of the Actors from Northwest Russia
All interested in gender equality, Baltic Sea region, transfer of knowledge and post-communist institutional change.