Frans Floris de Vriendt radically transformed Netherlandish art. His monumental mythologies introduced a new appreciation for the heroic nude to the Low Countries and his religious art challenged standards of decorum. Born into a family of sculptors and architects, Floris refashioned his art through travel, first studying with the humanist painter Lambert Lombard in Liège and then continuing on to Italy. These experiences defined the hybridizing novelty of his art, forged by juxtaposing antique and modern, Italian and northern sources. This book maps Floris’s hybrid style onto shifting conceptions of cultural, religious, and political identity on the eve of the Dutch Revolt. It explores his collaborations and rivalries, engagement with artistic theory, hierarchical workshop, and revolutionary use of print.
Edward H. Wouk is Senior Lecturer in Art History and Visual Studies at The University of Manchester. His recent publications include
Marcantonio Raimondi, Raphael and the Image Multiplied (Manchester, 2016) and the co-edited volume, with Suzanne Karr Schmidt,
Prints in Translation (1450-1750): Image, Materiality, Space (Routledge, 2017).
“When an inspiring art historian tackles the work of an inventive artist, an amazing book such as this one sees the light of day. Ed Wouk’s study of the oeuvre of Frans Floris drastically remodels the way we are to understand the confrontation of the Northern and Italian Renaissance in the sixteenth century.” Koenraad Jonckheere (University of Ghent)
Table of contents
Map of Antwerp (1565) Acknowledgements Abbreviations List of Figures
Introduction. Fall and Redemption: The Divine Artist
A Portrait of the Artist: Floris’s Biography in Context
Iter Italicum: Floris’s Italian Journey in Context
Triumphal Entry: Floris’s Return to Antwerp (1546–49)
The Floris Workshop: Practice, Theory, Ritual
Portraits and Head Studies
Experiments in Religious Art: Style and Audience
Ardens amator artium: Floris, Niclaes Jonghelinck, and the Nature of Netherlandish Art
Losing Faith: Floris’s Allegory of the Trinity
Iconoclasm and Poesie
Humanæ Societati Necessaria: Frans Floris’s Vision for the Arts
Appendix A: Mentions of Floris in Literary Sources Appendix B: Catalogue of Known Drawings in the Lost Album Dansaert Appendix C: Text and Music of the chanson “Le Cruel Mars” Appendix D: Timeline of Floris’s Chief Dated Works in Historical Context Checklist of Paintings Checklist of Drawings Checklist of Prints Notes Bibliography Index
As the first monograph on the artist in over forty years, this book will be of interest to a wide range of readers, including art historians, cultural historians, and scholars from a variety of disciplines interested in artistic and material culture as well as cultural mobility, hybridity, and the relationship of art to politics and religion. Its engaging subject and narrative approach also make it accessible to BA and MA students in these fields as well as audiences interested in the history of the Low Countries/Netherlands/Belgium and Italy.