Creature Discomfort: Fauna-criticism, Ethics, and the Representation of Animals in Spanish American Fiction and Poetry, Scott M. DeVries uncovers a tradition in Spanish American literature where animal-ethical representations anticipate many of the most pressing concerns from present debates in animal studies. The author documents moments from the corpus that articulate long-standing positions such as a defense of animal rights or advocacy for liberationism, that engage in literary philosophical meditations concerning mind theory and animal sentience, and that anticipate current ideas from Critical Animal Studies including the rejection of hierarchical differentiations between the categories human and nonhuman.
Creature Discomfort innovates the notion of “fauna-criticism” as a new literary approach within animal studies; this kind of analysis emphasizes the reframing of literary history to expound animal ethical positions from literary texts, both those that have been considered canonical as well as those that have long been neglected. In this study, DeVries employs fauna-criticism to examine nonhuman sentience, animal interiority, and other ethical issues such as the livestock and pet industries, circuses, zoos, hunting, and species extinction in fictional narrative and poetry from the nineteenth century,
indigenista, and contemporary periods of Spanish American literature.
Scott M. DeVries, Ph. D (2003), Rutgers University, is Professor of Spanish at Bethel College, Indiana. He has published monographs, articles, and book chapters on Spanish American ecology, energy, and literature including
A History of Ecology and Environmentalism in Spanish American Literature (Bucknell University Press, 2013).
Chapter One: Introduction
Part One Sentience, Consciousness, Identity
Chapter Two: Horse, Ape, Mosquito: Animal Perspectives in Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Texts
Chapter Three: The Beasts of Ecological Narrative: Intelligent Animals in the Environmental Novels of Luis Sepúlveda
Part Two Gone to the Swans: Modernismo and Poetry
Chapter Four: Swan Songs: The Animal as Muse, Symbol, and Object of Spanish American Modernismo
Chapter Five: Caged Verse: Animals in Poetry
Part Three Regional Literature, Indigenismo, Recent Fiction
Chapter Six: Meat: Regional Livestock Literature
Chapter Seven: Harness, Harpoon, and Cage: Horses, Whaling, and Animal Entertainment in Regional Literature
Chapter Eight: Tribal Creatures: Animals and Indigenista Literature
Chapter Nine: A Dog and Hippo Show: Animals in Recent Fiction
Chapter Ten: Conclusions
All interested in the ethical representation of animals in Spanish American literature, and anyone familiar with that literature concerned to understand the way in which Critical and Traditional Animal studies may approach texts from the region.