Idealization XIV: Models in Science offers a detailed ontological, epistemological and historical account of the role of models in scientific practice. The volume contains contributions of different international scholars who developed many aspects of the use of idealizations and models both in the natural and the social sciences. This volume is particularly relevant because it offers original contributions concerning one of the main topic in philosophy of science: the role of models in such branches of the sciences and the humanities like comparative historical sociology, economics, history, linguistics and political philosophy.

Contributors are: Giacomo Borbone, Krzysztof Brzechczyn, Mieszko Ciesielski, Adam Czerniak, Xavier de Donato Rodríguez, José L. Falguera, Adolfo García de la Sienra, Lidia Godek, Igor Hanzel, Łukasz Hardt, Krzysztof Kiedrowski, Barbara Konat, Zenonas Norkus, Piotr Przybysz, Piotr Szwochert
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Biographical Note

Giacomo Borbone, Ph.D, employed at Catania University. He authored a book La rivoluzione culturale di Antonio Labriola, and he is an editor of Scienza Marxismo e Metafisica. Leszek Nowak e la Scuola Metodologica di Poznań. Author of several essays published in Italian, English and Polish, his fields of interests are: history of philosophy, epistemology, philosophy of science, social sciences.

Krzysztof Brzechczyn is (titular) Professor at Institute of Philosophy in Adam Mickiewicz University Poznań, Poland. He has authored four books (in Polish) and numerous papers in Chinese, English, German, Italian, and Polish. He edited Modeling in History and coedited Thinking about Provincialism in Thinking. His fields of interests are: philosophy of history, philosophy of social sciences, political and social philosophy, methodology of history.

Table of contents

The Role of Models in Science: An Introduction

I. Idealization. General Problems

Xavier de Donato Rodríguez, José L. Falguera, On Fictions, Theoretical Entities, and Ideal Objects: Applying Zalta’s Abstract Objects Theory to Scientific Theories
Igor Hanzel, The Inherent Type of Scientific Law, The Idealized Types of Scientific Law
Lidia Godek, On Deformational Modeling. Max Weber’s Concept of Idealization
Mieszko Ciesielski, On Reduction in the Idealizational Theory of Science; a Case Study of the Relationship between the Concept of a Rational Act and the Concept of a Habitual-Rational Action

II. Idealization in the Social Sciences

Adolfo García de la Sienra, Idealization in Economics: A Structuralist View
Łukasz Hardt, Between Isolations and Constructions: Economic Models as Believable Worlds
Adam Czerniak, Fallacy of Reification of Idealization in Economic Research
Krzysztof Brzechczyn, Strategies of Comparative Analysis in Historical-Comparative Sociology: An Attempt at an Explication within the Conceptual Framework of Idealizational Theory of Science
Barbara Konat, The Structure of Idealization in Noam Chomsky’s Generativist Theory

III. Idealization in the Humanities

Krzysztof Kiedrowski, The Method of Idealization and Concretization on the Ground of Negativistic Unitarian Metaphysics
Piotr Przybysz, The Choice of Principles of Justice in the Political Philosophy of John Raws: An Idealizational Interpretation
Zenonas Norkus, Inductive Modeling and Discursive Idealization in the Scenario Planning
Piotr Szwochert, Historical Narration in the light of the Idealizational Theory of Science: A Recapitulation and Expansion

Readership

All interested in epistemology and philosophy of science, especially those who deal with the topic of idealization and models in science.