Land Reform Revisited

Democracy, State Making and Agrarian Transformation in Post-Apartheid South Africa


Land Reform Revisited engages with contemporary debates on land reform and agrarian transformation in South Africa. The volume offers insights into post-apartheid transformation dynamics through the lens of agency and state making. The chapters written by emerging scholars are based on extensive qualitative research and their analysis highlights the ways in which people negotiate and contest land reform realities and politics. By focusing on the diverse meanings of land and competing interpretations of what constitutes success and failure in land reform Brandt and Mkodzongi insist on looking beyond the productivity discourses guiding research and policy making in the field towards an informed view from below.

Contributors are: Kezia Batisai, Femke Brandt, Sarah Bruchhausen, Nerhene Davis, Elene Cloete, Tariro Kamuti, Tarminder Kaur, Grasian Mkodzongi, Camalita Naicker, Fani Ncapayi, Mnqobi Ngubane, and Chizuko Sato.

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Femke Brandt (PhD 2013), University of Johannesburg is a GES Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Department of Anthropology and Development Studies. She has published in Anthropology Southern Africa and the Journal of Southern African Studies.

Grasian Mkodzongi (PhD 2013), is Research Associate Sam Moyo African Institute for Agrarian Studies. He has published articles and book chapters on land reform and rural livelihoods in Zimbabwe in Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy and the Review of African Political Economy.
'This volume is well written, in so far as individual chapters and the main argument are concerned and a must read for anyone interested on land reform.[...] all chapters manage to succeed in convincing the reader that we need to think about land beyond the big commercial agricultural productivity model because land is complex as there are different meanings of land to different people'.

Mzingaye Brilliant Xaba in Transformations. Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa Vol. 100, pp. 228-233.
Notes on Contributors

Part 1: Introduction

1 Revisiting South Africa’s Land and Agrarian Questions
Grasian Mkodzongi and Femke Brandt

Part 2: Meanings of Democracy

2 Broadening Conceptions of Democracy and Citizenship: The Subaltern Histories of Rural Resistance in Mpondoland and Marikana
Sarah Bruchhausen and Camalita Naicker
3 From Material to Cultural: Historiographic Approaches to the Eastern Cape’s Agrarian Past
Elene Cloete
4 South Africa’s Dangerous Game: Re-configuring Power and Belonging on Karoo Trophy-hunting Farms
Femke Brandt
5 Gendered Nationhood and the Land Question in South Africa 20 Years after Democracy
Kezia Batisai

Part 3: State-Making

6 Farm Worker ‘Development’ Agendas: What Does Sports Have to Do with It?
Tarminder Kaur
7 Intricacies of Game Farming and Outstanding Land Restitution Claims in the Gongolo Area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Tariro Kamuti
8 Inclusive Business Models in South African Land Restitution: Great Expectations and Ambiguous Outcomes Explored
Nerhene Davis
9 ‘We Won’t Have Zim-style Land Grabs’: What Can South Africa Learn from Zimbabwe’s Fast-track Land Reforms?
Grasian Mkodzongi

Part 4: Agency, Identity, and Belonging

10 Khoisan Revivalism and Land Question in Post-Apartheid South Africa
Chizuko Sato
11 The Land-reform Programme and Its Contribution to the Livelihoods of Poor People
Fani Ncapayi
12 ‘Disrupting Spatial Legacies’: Dismantled Game Farms as Success Stories of Land Reform?
Mnqobi Ngubane

Part 5: Conclusion

13 Agency and State Planning in South Africa’s Land-reform Process
Femke Brandt and Grasian Mkodzongi

All interested in agrarian transformation, land reform and African studies, and anyone specifically concerned with the politics of land and belonging in South(ern) Africa.
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