Marx’s Philosophy of Revolution in Permanence for Our Day

Selected writings


Marx’s Philosophy of Revolution in Permanence for Our Day, a selection of writings by the Marxist-Humanist philosopher and revolutionary Raya Dunayevskaya, brings out the contemporary urgency of Marx’s work as a philosophy of revolution in permanence. That dialectic permeates the totality of Marx’s body of ideas and activities. Major themes include Marx’s transformation of the Hegelian dialectic; the inseparability of Marx’s economics, humanism, and dialectic; the battle of ideas with post-Marx Marxism, beginning with Engels; Black liberation, internationalism, and women’s liberation; today’s burning question of the relationship between spontaneity, organization, and philosophy; the emergence of counter-revolution from within the revolution; and the problem of what happens after the revolution.
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Biographical Note

Raya Dunayevskaya (1910–1987), founder of Marxist-Humanism, was secretary to Leon Trotsky in exile in Mexico (1937-38). Her major writings include Marxism and Freedom (1957); Philosophy and Revolution (1973); Rosa Luxemburg, Women’s Liberation, and Marx’s Philosophy of Revolution (1982); and American Civilization on Trial (1963).

Franklin Dmitryev is co-Trustee of the Raya Dunayevskaya Memorial Fund, National Organizer of News and Letters Committees, and co-editor of Russia: From Proletarian Revolution to State-Capitalist Counter-Revolution (Brill, 2017). He has written numerous articles on Dunayevskaya’s thought, environmental justice, and social issues.

Table of contents

Editorial Note and Acknowledgements Introduction: Raya Dunayevskaya’s Renewal of Karl Marx’s Philosophy of Revolution in PermanenceFranklin Dmitryev, National Organizer, News and Letters Committees, for the Raya Dunayevskaya Memorial Fund

Part 1: The Philosophic Moment of Marx: Marx’s Transformation of the Hegelian Dialectic

1 Preface to the Iranian Edition of Marx’s Humanist Essay 2 The Theory of Alienation: Marx’s Debt to Hegel 3 The Todayness of Marx’s Humanism 4 A 1981 View of Marx’s 1841 Dialectic

Part 2: The Inseparability of Marx’s Economics, Humanism, and Dialectic

5 Capitalist Development and Marx’s Capital, 1863–1883 6 Today’s Epigones Who Try to Truncate Marx’s Capital 7 Letter to Herbert Marcuse on Automation 8 Marx’s Grundrisse and the Dialectic in Life and in Thought 9 Capitalist Production/Alienated Labor 10 ; Marx’s Critique of Culture

Part 3: Post-Marx Marxism and the Battle of Ideas

11 Post-Marx Marxism as a Category 12 Hobsbawm and Rubel on the Marx Centenary, but Where Is Marx? 13 Marx’s Philosophy of Revolution vs. Non-Marxist Scholar-Careerists in “Marxism” 14 Paul Mattick: Economism vs. Marx’s Humanism 15 Bertell Ollman: Pitting “Human Nature” against Marx’s Humanism 16 The Dialectic of Labor in Marx and “Critical Thought” 17 Gramsci’s “Philosophy of Praxis” 18 Rosdolsky’s Methodology and Lange’s Revisionism 19 Adorno, Kosík, and the Movement from Practice

Part 4: Marx as Philosopher of Revolution in Permanence—Reading Marx for Today

Section A: Marxist-Humanism

20 Introduction to Philosophic Notes 21 The Emergence of a New Movement from Practice that Is Itself a Form of Theory 22 New Stage of Production, New Stage of Cognition, New Kind of Organizatio 23 The Dialectic of Absolute Idea as New Beginning

Section B: Black Liberation and Internationalism 24 Abolitionism and the American Roots of Marxism 25 Marx and the Two-Way Road between the U.S. and Africa 26 Black Intellectuals in Dilemma

Section C: Women’s Liberation and the Dialectics of Revolution

27 Marx’s “New Humanism” and the Dialectics of Women’s Liberation in “Primitive” and Modern Societies 28 Marx’s and Engels’ Studies Contrasted: Relationship of Philosophy and Revolution to Women’s Liberation 29 Letter to Adrienne Rich on Women’s Liberation, Gay Liberation, and the Dialectic

Section D: Dialectics of Organization and Philosophy

30 Spontaneity, Organization, Philosophy (Dialectics) 31 Philosopher of Permanent Revolution and Organization Man 32 A Post-World War II View of Marx’s Humanism, 1843–1883; Marxist Humanism, 1950s–1980s

Part 5: Appendices

Appendix 1: Raya Dunayevskaya’s Translations from Marx’s Economic-Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 Appendix 2: Private Property and Communism Appendix 3: Critique of the Hegelian Dialectic Bibliography Index


Academics, institutions and departments, as well as social activists, interested in revolutionary social transformation, dialectical philosophy, and Marxism, particularly on this bicentenary of Marx’s birth.