Rosa Manus (1881-1942)

The International Life and Legacy of a Jewish Dutch Feminist

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Rosa Manus (1881–1942) uncovers the life of Dutch feminist and peace activist Rosa Manus, co-founder of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, vice-president of the International Alliance of Women, and founding president of the International Archives for the Women’s Movement (IAV) in Amsterdam, revealing its rootedness in Manus’s radical secular Jewishness. Because the Nazis looted the IAV (1940) including Manus’s large personal archive, and subsequently arrested (1941) and murdered her (1942), Rosa Manus has been almost unknown to later generations. This collective biography offers essays based on new and in-depth research on pictures and documents from her archives, returned to Amsterdam in 2003, as well as other primary sources. It thus restores Manus to the history from which the Nazis attempted to erase her.

Contributors include: Margot Badran, Mineke Bosch, Ellen Carol DuBois, Myriam Everard, Karen Garner, Francisca de Haan, Dagmar Wernitznig, and Annika Wilmers.

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Myriam Everard, Ph.D. (1994), University of Leiden, independent scholar, has published on the history of women and the public sphere in the Netherlands, lately focusing on first wave feminism. Her most recent publications concern the life and death of Rosa Manus.

Francisca de Haan, Ph.D. (1992), Erasmus University Rotterdam, is Professor of Gender Studies and History at the Central European University. She has published widely on the history of the international women’s movement, including the volume Women’s Activism (Routledge, 2012).
"The volume touches on all of the important themes of that history—the centrality of peace activism, the impact of the world wars and the rise of fascism, the tensions over imperialism and nationalist resistance in colonized countries, the importance of resources to the persistence of the movement, the vital glue of intimate relationships—and brings to the fore additional ones, including the role of Jewish women, the centrality of Dutch feminists in transnational feminism, and the struggle over preserving the history of the movement."
- Leila J. Rupp, University of California, Santa Barbara, in Women's History Review (Routledge 2018) "Eindelijk een boek dat licht werpt op een van de belangrijkste Nederlandse feministen [...]. Veel aspecten van dit rijke, tot nu toe vrijwel onbekende leven komen aan bod in het voorbeeldig uitgegeven Rosa Manus (1881-1942). [...] Uiteindelijk gaat het boek over iemand die niet in hokjes past, en die in verzet komt als zij tegen wil en dank het etiket Joods opgeplakt krijgt. Zowel de tekst als foto's tonen ook daadwerkelijk aan dat Rosa Manus vele gezichten had. Voor mij laat dit boek zien dat hoe waardevol én ingewikkeld de strijd tegen de etikettering is, vroeger en nu."
- Marjan Schwegman, in de Nederlandse Boekengids, November 2017, pp. 28-29
Acknowledgements
List of Abbreviations
List of Illustrations
List of Contributors
Introduction: Recovering the Legacy of Rosa Manus, Francisca de Haan
Part 1 Essays
Chapter 1: Rosa Manus: The Genealogy of a Jewish Dutch Feminist, Myriam Everard
Chapter 2: Rosa Manus at the 1915 International Congress of Women in The Hague and Her Involvement in the Early WILPF, Annika Wilmers
Chapter 3: Rosa Manus, Katharina von Kardorff-Oheimb and the Bonds of High-Financial Womanhood, Mineke Bosch
Chapter 4: Global Visions: The Women’s Disarmament Committee (1931–1939) and the International Politics of Disarmament in the 1930s, Karen Garner
Chapter 5: Trying to Stem the Tide: Rosa Manus’s Peace Activism in the 1930s, Ellen Carol DuBois
Chapter 6: Rosa Manus in Cairo, 1935, and Copenhagen, 1939: Encounters with Egyptians, Margot Badran
Chapter 7: Memory is Power: Rosa Manus, Rosika Schwimmer, and the Struggle about Establishing an International Women’s Archive, Dagmar Wernitznig
Chapter 8: Fateful Politics: The Itinerary of Rosa Manus, 1933–1942, Myriam Everard
Part 2 Pictures
Part 3 Documents
Appendix 1: Rosa Manus – Ancestry
Appendix 2: Rosa Manus – Chronology
Appendix 3: Rosa Manus – Bibliography
Index
Academic libraries, women’s archives, institutes for Jewish history, and all scholars and (under)graduate students interested in women’s history, Jewish history, peace history, and the history of internationalism.