Nation and Ethnicity

Chinese Discourses on History, Historiography, and Nationalism (1900s-1920s)


Winner of the Foundation Council Award of the Georg-August-University of Göttingen Public Law Foundation in the category of “Outstanding Publications of Young Scientists”, 2017.

In Nation and Ethnicity: Chinese Discourses on History, Historiography, and Nationalism (1900s-1920s) Julia C. Schneider give an analysis of nationalist and historiographical discourses among late imperial and early republican Chinese thinkers. In particular, she researches their approaches towards non-Chinese people within the Qing Empire and the question on how to integrate them into a Chinese nation-state.

Non-Chinese people, mainly Manchus, Mongols, Tibetans, and Turkic Muslims, (Uyghurs), have not been considered as important factors in the history of early Chinese nationalism so far. But Chinese nationalist and historiographical discourses tell not only a lot about the Chinese image of the Other, but also shed new light on the images of the Chinese Self and its assumed ability to assimilate and integrate other ethnicities.

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Julia C. Schneider, Ph.D. (2013), Ghent University and University of Göttingen, is an Akademische Rätin (assistant professor), at the University of Göttingen. She has published articles and chapters on Chinese nationalism and the Jurchen Jin Dynasty.
"Julia C. Schneider’s Nation and Ethnicity: Chinese Discussions on History, Historiography, and Nationalism is a timely and important contribution to the scholarship on Chinese nationalism and nationalist historiography at a time when the domestic ethnic issue has loomed large as a potential catalyst for political instability in the People’s Republic of China, and the “nationality policies” implemented since the 1950s have been contested... Overall, Schneider’s book is a very compelling study that delves deep into source materials and makes valid critical argument about the racialist/orientalist bent of early 20th century Chinese thinkers and historians when representing Chinese history and positioning non-Han peoples in it."
-Guo Wu, Allegheny College, Monumenta Serica: Journal of Oriental Studies, 66:1.

Acknowledgements vii
List of Maps and Tables IX
Abbreviations X
Notes XI

Introduction 1

Part 1
Imperial Times
1 Liang Qichao: Nationalism and Historiography 67
2 Zhang Taiyan: The Republic of China as an Image 143
3 Liu Shipei: The Expulsion of the Non-Chinese from China’s History 211

Part 2
The Republican Era
4 Non-Chinese People in Periodisations and Assimilationist Theories 283
5 The Genre of General Histories in the 1920s 330
Conclusion 381
Bibliography 399
Glossary 441
Index 474
All interested in the question of how ethnicity, historiography, and nationalism intersect, mainly post-graduate scholars of Chinese history, historiography, and nationalism.
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