The Crisis of Citizenship in the Arab World


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The Crisis of Citizenship in the Arab World argues that the present crisis of the Arab world has its origins in the historical, legal and political development of state-citizen relations since the beginning of modern history in the Middle East and North Africa. The anthology covers three main topics. Part I focuses on the crisis of the social pact in different Arab countries as it became manifest during the Arab Uprisings. Part II concentrates on concepts of citizenship in Islamic doctrine, Islamic movements (Muslim Brotherhood and Salafism), secular political movements and Arab thinkers. Part III looks into the practices that support the claims to equal rights as well as the factors that have obstructed full citizen rights, such as patronage and clientelism.

Contributors are: Ida Almestad, Claire Beaugrand, Assia Boutaleb, Michaelle Browers, Nils Butenschøn, Anthony Gorman, Raymond Hinnebusch, Engin F. Isin, Rania Maktabi, Roel Meijer, Emin Poljarevic, Ola Rifai, James Sater, Rachel Scott, Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen, Robert Springborg, Stig Stenslie, Morten Valbjørn, Knut S. Vikør and Sami Zemni.

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Roel Meijer (Ph.D. 1995), Radboud University, Nijmegen, is lecturer in modern Middle Eastern history and has published on social movements, Islam, and political thought in the Middle East. He is editor of seven anthologies, including Global Salafism: Islam’s New Religious Movement (Hurst, 2009).

Nils Butenschøn is Professor of political science at the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo. Research interests include international relations, ethnic conflicts, and democracy focusing on the Middle East. His latest book is Butenschøn et al., Power-Sharing in Conflict-Ridden Societies (Routledge 2015).
Introduction: Roel Meijer and Nils Butenschøn

1. Anthony Gorman, The British Legacy in the Middle East
2. Roel Meijer, Citizenship, Social Pacts, Rulings Bargains, and the Arab Uprising
3. Raymond Hinnebusch and Ola Rifai, Syria: Identity, State Formation, and Citizenship
4. Sami Zemni, The Tunisian Revolution and the Question of Citizenship
5. James Sater, Patronage and Democratic Citizenship in Morocco
6. Morten Valbjørn, Like But Not the Same As---- Arab Citizenship and the Jordanian Experience
7. Stig Stenslie and Ida Almestad, Social Contract in the Al Saud Monarchy: From Subjects to Citizens?
8. James Sater, Migration and the Marginality of Citizenship in the Arab Gulf Region: Human Security and High Modernist Tendencies
9. Nils Butenschøn, Arab Spring and the “Iron Triangle”: Regime Survival and Conditions of Citizenship in the Arab Middle East

10. Knut S. Vikør, Muslim Subjects and the Rights of God
11. Michaelle Browers, The Struggle for Equality and Citizenship in Arab Political Thought: Ideological Debates and Conceptual Change
12. Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen, Brothers and Citizens: The Second Wave of Institutional Thinking and the Concept of Citizenship
13. Emin Poljarevic, Ambiguity of Citizenship in Contemporary Salafism
14. Rachel Scott, Citizenship, Public Order and State Sovereignty: Article 3 of the Egyptian Constitution and the ‘Divinely Revealed Religions’

15. Robert Springborg, Effects of Patronage Systems and Clientelism on Citizenship in the Middle East
16. Rania Maktabi, Female Citizenship and the Franchise in Kuwait after 2005
17. Assia Boutaleb, Arab Youth: Evolving Participation and Acts of Citizenship
18. Claire Beaugrand, The bidun Protest Movement in Kuwait: Acts of Resistance or Acts of Citizenship?
19. Engin F. Isin, Citizenship Studies and the Middle East
All interested in contemporary politics of the Middle East and North Africa, the history of citizenship in the region and the crisis of state-citizenship relations and local concepts of social pacts.
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