Three millennia of cross-Mediterranean bonds are revealed by the 18 expert summaries in this book—from the dawn of the Bronze Age to the budding of Hellenization. An international team of acclaimed specialists in their fields—archaeologists, historians, geomorphologists, and metallurgists—shed light on a plethora of aspects associated with travelling this age-old sea and its periphery: environmental factors; the formation of harbors; gateways; commodities; the crucial role of metals; cultural impact; and the way to interpret the agents such as Canaanites, "Sea Peoples," Phoenicians, and pirates. The book will engage any student of the Old World in the 3000 years before the Common Era.
Ayelet Gilboa is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Haifa in Israel, co-directing the Tel Dor and Shikmona projects. She published extensively on cross-Mediterranean interconnections; Phoenicians; "Sea Peoples"; Iron Age ceramic chrono-typology; and the symbolic properties of material culture.
Assaf Yasur-Landau is Professor of Mediterranean Archaeology and Head of the Leon Recanati Institute of Maritime Studies at the University of Haifa. He co-directed excavations at Kabri and Hazor, underwater excavations at Tel Dor and underwater surveys at the Carmel coast.
Notes on Contributors
Introduction: Professor Michal Artzy: A Scholarly Life by the Mediterranean
Assaf Yasur-Landau and Ayelet Gilboa
Professor Michal Artzy, Curriculum Vitae
1 Tyre before Tyre: The Early Bronze Age Foundation María Eugenia Aubet
2 Two Imported Pottery Vessels from the Middle Euphrates to the Southern Levant and Their Contribution to the Chronology of the End of Early Bronze I and the Beginning of Early Bronze II Vladimir Wolff Avrutis and Eli Yannai
3 Burials of Domesticated Animals in the Middle Bronze Age Rampart at Tel ‘Akko in Light of Archaeological Finds in the Levant and Ceremonies from the Ancient Near East Ron Beeri, Hadas Motro, Noa Gerstel-Raban, and Michal Artzy
4 “For the Wealth of the Sea Will Pass on to You”: Changes in Patterns of Trade from Southern Phoenicia to Northern Judah in the Late Iron Age and Persian Periods Aaron Brody
5 Cypriot Pottery from the Second Millennium BCE at Tell Keisan in the Lower Galilee (Israel) Mariusz Burdajewicz
6Contextualization and Typology of Ancient Island Harbors in the Mediterranean: From Natural Hazards to Anthropogenic Imprints Matthieu Giaime, Christophe Morhange, and Nick Marriner
7 The Plain of Akko Regional Survey (PARS): An Integrated Use of GIS, Photogrammetry, and LiDAR to Reconstruct Akko’s Hinterland Ann E. Killebrew, Jane C. Skinner, Jamie Quartermaine, and Ragna Stidsing
8 Piracy in the Late Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean? A Cautionary Tale A. Bernard Knapp
9 Oxhides, Buns, Bits, and Pieces: Analyzing the Ingot Cargo of the Cape Gelidonya Shipwreck Joseph W.Lehner, Emre Kuruçayırlı, and Nicolle Hirschfeld
10 The Presence of the Past: Ruin Mounds and Social Memory in Bronze and Early Iron Age Israel and Greece Joseph Maran
11 In the Footsteps of the Phoenicians in Paphos Jolanta Młynarczyk
12 Informed or at Sea: On the Maritime and Mundane in Ugaritic Tablet RS 94.2406 Chris Monroe
13 A Fragmentary Small Copper Oxhide Ingot from Tell Beit Mirsim at the James L. Kelso Bible Lands Museum, Pittsburgh-Xenia Theological Seminary Cemal Pulak
14 Lévi-Strauss and the Royal Ancestor Cult in the Bronze Age Levant Marísa Ruiz-Gálvez
15 Phoenicians and Corinth Susan Sherratt
16 The Aegean-Type Pottery from Tel Nami Philipp W. Stockhammer
17 The Rag-and-Bone Trade at Enkomi: Late Cypriot Scrap Metal and the Bronze Industry Stuart Swiny
18 Sea Peoples from the Aegean: Identity, Sociopolitical Context, and Antecedents Aleydis Van de Moortel
Archaeological Periods Index
Scholars and students (at all levels) in the fields of Mediterranean, Aegean and Near Eastern history and archaeology; educated lay persons interested in Mediterranean history and archaeology.