In World Trade Systems of the East and West, Geoffrey C. Gunn profiles Nagasaki's historic role in mediating the Japanese bullion trade, especially silver exchanged against Chinese and Vietnamese silk. Founded in 1571 as the terminal port of the Portuguese Macau ships, Nagasaki served as Japan's window to the world over long time and with the East-West trade carried on by the Dutch and, with even more vigor, by the Chinese junk trade. While the final expulsion of the Portuguese in 1646 characteristically defines the “closed” period of early modern Japanese history, the real trade seclusion policy, this work argues, only came into place one century later when the Shogunate firmly grasped the true impact of the bullion trade upon the national economy.
Geoffrey C. Gunn, Ph.D. is a graduate of Melbourne and Monash universities in Asian history. Emeritus professor of Nagasaki University, he has also published such works as First Globalization: The Eurasian Exchange, 1500-1800 (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003), as well as dedicated studies on Vietnam and Macau.
"Gunn has contributed a detailed study of Nagasaki trade during Japan’s unification and under the Tokugawa. It is an excellent contribution to global history and a required reference to understand the place of Japan in the world economy of the Modern Era."
-Arturo Giráldez, School of International Studies, University of the Pacific, in Journal of Contemporary Asia, 03 Feb 2019.
Preface List of Tables and Illustrations Glossary/Abbreviations Note on Weights and Currencies
The East-Southeast Asian Bullion Trade Zone
1 Kyushu in the East Asian Trade Networks
Spanish Manila and the Galleon Trade
The Portuguese “Discovery” of the Kyushu Trade Networks
The Ryukyu Tribute Trade
Gold, Silver, and Copper Mines in Japan
Japanese Maritime Trade with China and Korea
The Portuguese Missionary Arrival in Kyushu
2 Merchants and Missionaries in the Foundation of Nagasaki
Nagasaki’s Obscure Origins
The Portuguese Merchant-Missionary Arrival in Nagasaki
Nagasaki under Jesuit Rule
The Manila-Japan Trade Connection
Return to Imperial Rule (1588) and Persecutions
3 Nagasaki and the Silk Trade
Setting the Scene on Silk Production and Procurement
Functional Aspects of the Macau-Nagasaki Silk Trade
The Portuguese Merchant Presence
The VOC Silk Trade with Tonkin
4 The Dutch and English at Hirado
The Dutch Establishment at Hirado (1609–41)
The Dutch and the Contest for Taiwan (1604–61)
The Zheng Family Dynasty
The Dutch Trade at Hirado
The English at Hirado (1613–23)
5 The Shimabara Rebellion (1637–38) Revisited
Background to the Rebellion
The Duarte Correa Manuscript and the First Stirrings of Rebellion
The Battle for Shimabara
Millennial Rebels or Economic Victims?
The Anti-Christian Backlash
6 Nagasaki and the Southeast Asia Trade
Drawing the Contours of the “Red Seal” Trade
The Chinese Junk Trade at Nagasaki in the kai-hentai Records
Status of the Junk Traffic in 1664
Scale and Scope of the Nagasaki-Vietnam Trade
7 The Chinese of Nagasaki and their Social and Commercial Activities
Origins of the Nagasaki Chinese Community under the Ming
Chinese Temple Communities in Nagasaki and their Functional Role
The Zheng Trade with Nagasaki during the Ming-Qing Transition
The Restoration of the China Trade under the Qing
The Seventeenth Century Chinese Legacy in Nagasaki
8 Nagasaki in the Age of Kaempfer
Dutch Trade at Deshima
A Dutch West India Company Account of 1721–23
Carl Peter Thunberg’s Account of 1795
Closed Door under Foreign Pressure
9 Parameters of the Bullion Trade Economy Network
Portuguese Profits on the Silk-for-Silver Trade
Putting a Value on the Dutch and Chinese Bullion Trade
Portuguese and Dutch in the Global Copper Trade
Reassessing the Silver Drain from Japan, the Role of Arai Hakuseki
Nagasaki and the Asian Bullion Trade Reprised
Global Economy and World System
Stagnant Japan, Rising Japan, or Mid-Tokugawa Crisis?
A Precocious Early Modernization?
Nagasaki’s Pioneer Role in Japan’s Industrialization
A key resource for students of early modern Japanese history, local Nagasaki history, and to all interested in connected history with respect to China, Southeast Asia, and the global bullion trade.