Between Sword and Prayer

Warfare and Medieval Clergy in Cultural Perspective

Series:

Between Sword and Prayer is a broad-ranging anthology focused on the involvement of medieval clergy in warfare and a variety of related military activities. The essays address, on the one hand, the issue of clerical participation in combat, in organizing military campaigns, and in armed defense, and on the other, questions surrounding the political, ideological, or religious legitimization of clerical military aggression. These perspectives are further enriched by chapters dealing with the problem of the textual representation of clergy who actively participated in military affairs. The essays in this volume span Latin Christendom, encompassing geographically the four corners of medieval Europe: Western, East-Central, Northern Europe, and the Mediterranean.
Contributors are Carlos de Ayala Martínez, Geneviève Bührer-Thierry, Chris Dennis, Pablo Dorronzoro Ramírez, Lawrence G. Duggan, Daniel Gerrard, Robert Houghton, Carsten Selch Jensen, Radosław Kotecki, Jacek Maciejewski, Ivan Majnarić, Monika Michalska, Michael Edward Moore, Craig M. Nakashian, John S. Ott, Katherine Allen Smith, and Anna Waśko.
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Biographical Note

Radosław Kotecki, Ph.D. (2013), Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland, is Adjunct at that university. He has published essays on medieval church and cultural history, and is co-editor of several volumes, including Ecclesia et Violentia (Cambridge Scholars, 2014).
Jacek Maciejewski, Ph.D. (1996), is full Professor at Kazimierz Wielki University, Poland. He has published extensively on the Polish medieval episcopacy. He is the author of three monographs, including Episkopat polski doby dzielnicowej, 1180-1320 (Societas Vistulana, 2003), and Adventus episcopi (UKW, 2013)
John S. Ott, Ph.D. (1999), Stanford University, is Professor of History at Portland State University. He is co-editor of The Bishop Reformed (Ashgate, 2007), and the author of Bishops, Authority and Community in Northwestern Europe, c.1050-1150 (Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Table of contents

Acknowledgements
List of Abbreviations
List of Contributors

The Medieval Clergy and War: A Historiographical Introduction
Radosław Kotecki, Jacek Maciejewski, and John S. Ott

1 Bishops as City Defenders in Early Medieval Gaul and Germany
Geneviève Bührer-Thierry

2 The Frankish Church and Missionary War in Central Europe
Michael Edward Moore

3 “De clericis qui pugnaverunt, aut pugnandi gratia armati fuerunt”: Bishop Geoffrey of Coutances (1048–1093) and Clerical Participation in the Battle of Hastings
Chris Dennis

4 Why Study Fighting Clergy? Knight Service, Integrated War, and the Bounds of English Military History, c. 1000–1200
Daniel Gerrard

5 Orderic Vitalis and Henry of Huntingdon: Views of Clerical Warfare from Inside and Outside the Cloister
Craig M. Nakashian

6 Ungirded for Battle: Knightly Conversion to Monastic Life and the Making of Weapon-Relics in the Central Middle Ages
Katherine Allen Smith

7 The Episcopate and Reconquest in the Times of Alfonso VII of Castile and León
Carlos de Ayala Martínez

8 The Aragonese Episcopate and the Military Campaigns of Alfonso I the Battler against Iberian Muslims
Pablo Dorronzoro Ramírez

9 Italian Bishops and Warfare during the Investiture Contest: The Case of Parma
Robert Houghton

10 Lions and Lambs, Wolves and Pastors of the Flock: Portraying Military Activity of Bishops in Twelfth-Century Poland
Radosław Kotecki

11 A Bishop Defends His City, or Master Vincentius’s Troubles with the Military Activity of His Superior
Jacek Maciejewski

12 In the Service of Bellona: Images of “Militant Abbots” in Late Twelfth- and Early Thirteenth-Century Historiography of St. Gall (continuationes II and III of Casuum Sancti Galli)
Monika Michalska

13 Bishops and Abbots at War: Some Aspects of Clerical Involvement in Warfare in Twelfth- and Early Thirteenth-Century Livonia and Estonia
Carsten Selch Jensen

14 Tending the Flock: Clergy and a Discourse of War in the Wider Hinterland of the Eastern Adriatic during the Late Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
Ivan Majnarić

15 “Freedom is the greatest thing”: Bishops as Fighters for Freedom in Fifteenth-Century Sweden
Anna Waśko

16 The Evolution of Latin Canon Law on the Clergy and Armsbearing to the Thirteenth Century
Lawrence G. Duggan

Select Bibliography
Index

Readership

All interested in clerical involvement in warfare in the context of medieval culture, religion, literature, and law.

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