Crossings and Dwellings

Restored Jesuits, Women Religious, American Experience, 1814-2014


In Crossings and Dwellings, Kyle Roberts and Stephen Schloesser, S.J., bring together essays by eighteen scholars in one of the first volumes to explore the work and experiences of Jesuits and their women religious collaborators in North America over two centuries following the Jesuit Restoration.

Long dismissed as anti-liberal, anti-nationalist, and ultramontanist, restored Jesuits and their women religious collaborators are revealed to provide a useful prism for looking at some of the most important topics in modern history: immigration, nativism, urbanization, imperialism, secularization, anti-modernization, racism, feminism, and sexual reproduction. Approaching this broad range of topics from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, this volume provides a valuable contribution to an understudied period.

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Kyle B. Roberts is associate professor of Public History and New Media in the History Department and director of the Center for Textual Studies and Digital Humanities at Loyola University Chicago. He is the project director of the Jesuit Libraries Project and the Jesuit Libraries Provenance Project.

Stephen R. Schloesser, S.J. is a professor of late-modern intellectual and cultural European history in the History Department at Loyola University Chicago.
“By providing numerous case studies of ordinary, often-overlooked people who made unique as well as representative contributions to forming, transforming, and connecting individuals, institutions, and local communities during a period of intense nation building, this collection deepens and broadens our understanding of American history from 1814–2014. The volume demonstrates that studying US Catholicism is not an intramural exercise of filiopietistic apologists but a crucial contribution of serious scholarship to gain a better understanding of the USA. All serious students of US history will profit from the fine bibliographies at the end of each chapter. Specialists will find much helpful information to prompt their further questions and suggest creative research projects. Those who planned and executed this project deserve many thanks.”
James Grummer, S.J. (Pontifical Gregorian University). In: Archivum Historicum Societatis Iesu, Vol. 87, Fasc. 173 (2018-I), pp. 151–154.


Foreword: The Will of the Gods, the Life of Bees, and the Brightness of Stars
Michael J. Garanzini, S.J.

Introduction: Crossings and Dwellings
Kyle B. Roberts and Stephen R. Schloesser, S.J.

Part 1
Crossings 1: Indigenous and Immigrant (1814–65)

1. Transatlantic Reinvention, 1773–1848: An Old World Accommodates the New
Gerald L. McKevitt, S.J.
2. A Romantic Invented Tradition: Restoring the Seventeenth-Century Paraguayan Reductions in the Nineteenth-Century Rocky Mountains
Frédéric Dorel
3. Orestes A. Brownson’s Writings on the Society of Jesus: Passionate Apologetics and “Wanton” Attacks
Charlotte Hansen

Part 2
Dwellings 1: Urban Hybrids (1865–1920)

4. Finding God in the City: Religion and Urban History
Timothy Gilfoyle
5. “To Any Degree”: Jesuit Medical Schools in the Nineteenth-Century United States
Dana A. Freiburger
6. Recusant Constitutionalist Ultramontanism: Rhetorical Practice at Clongowes Wood and Holy Cross, 1815–1920
Thomas R.E. Murphy, S.J.
7. Core and Peripheries: Spatial Organization and Workings in Early BVM Schools
Rachel Daack
8. Public School “Secularists” vs. Women Religious: Competing Visions for Educating Immigrant Catholics in Jane Addams’s Progressive Era Chicago, 1890–1925
Rima Lunin Schultz
9. A Jesuit University in the New World: Music’s Cultural Mission at Georgetown University (1789–1930)
Anna Harwell Celenza

Part 3
Dwellings 2: Slightly Askew (1920–65)

10. Confessional and Couch: E. Boyd Barrett, Priest-Psychoanalyst
Paula M. Kane
11. Jamaica Triumphant (1937): Daniel Lord, Pageantry, and the Foundations of Jamaican National Theater
Roy Brooks-Delphin
12. Icy Crossings and Dwellings: John Fox, S.J., and the Sisters of Our Lady of the Snows
Mary Ewens, O.P.
13. The Long Formation of Daniel Berrigan: 1921–66
Eric Martin

Part 4
Crossings 2: Borders and Boundaries (1965–2015)

14. “Each Individual Catholic Can and Does Form His Own Conscience on This and Every Other Subject”: John Ford, S.J., and the Theology of Conscience, 1941–69
Pete Cajka
15. Jesuits and Madames: The Life and Death of Newton College of the Sacred Heart, 1945–75
James M. O’Toole
16. Daniel Berrigan as Precursor to and Embodiment of GC 32’s “Decree 4: Our Mission Today” (1974–75)
Daniel Cosacchi
17. From Religions to Lifeways: Jesuits and Native Americans, 1965–2015
Frédéric Dorel
18. Jesuit Ecumenism in Three Acts: Lessons from the Life of Robert McAfee Brown
Paul G. Crowley, S.J.

Afterword: Narrating Catholic History
Thomas A. Tweed
This volume will appeal to anyone interested in the history of religion in general and Catholicism in particular as well as the history of gender and modernization in North America.
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