Chinese and Indian Merchants in Modern Asia

Networking Businesses and Formation of Regional Economy


In Chinese and Indian Merchants in Modern Asia, the contributors put together an important and lucid study of overseas Chinese and Indian merchants and their impacts on the emerging global economy from the nineteenth to twentieth centuries. In contrast to the conventional focus on the merchants’ networks per se, the chapters of this volume uncover their “networking,” the process in which they constructed and utilized linkages based on the shared concepts such as caste, kin alliances, and religion. By analyzing the interactions between the merchants and the European and Japanese empires, along with Asian states, this volume provides the critical insights into the configuration of the regional economic order in the past and at present.

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Chi-cheung Choi, DLITT of Tokyo University, is Professor at the History Department of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He has published on Chinese festivals and business history, including Continuity and Change: Ethnographies of the Communal Jiao Festivals in Hong Kong (CUHK Press, 2014).
Takashi Oishi is Professor of South Asian Studies at Kobe City University of Foreign Studies. His articles on India and Indian Ocean regions have appeared in international journals including Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient (Brill).
Tomoko Shiroyama, Ph.D. (History, 1999), Harvard University, is Professor of Economic History at Graduate School of Economics, the University of Tokyo. She has published monographs and many articles on the Chinese economy and businesses, intra-Asian economic relations, and global economy, including China during the Great Depression (Harvard Asia Center, 2008).
List of Figures and Tables
List of Contributors
Chi-cheung Choi, Takashi Oishi and Tomoko Shiroyama

Part 1: Businesses and Relationships: Networking by Chinese and Indian Merchants

1 Changing Approaches to Diasporic Chinese Entrepreneurship
Hong Liu and Xin Fan
2 Hometown Connections and Chaozhou Business Networks: A Case Study of Kin Tye Lung, 1850–1950
Chi-cheung Choi
3 Overseas Chinese Remittances in the Mid-Twentieth Century
Tomoko Shiroyama
4 Family, Caste, and Beyond: The Business History of Salt Merchants in Bengal, c. 1780–1840
Sayako Kanda

Part 2: Empires, States, and Networks: The Formation of the Asian Regional Economy

Section 1 : The British Empire Section 1

5 Indian Merchant Networks and the British Empire: Instrumentality and Agency in a Global Imperial Context
Claude Markovits
6 Bringing a Local Towns into the Global Economy: The Role of Nattukottai Chettiyars on the Malay Peninsula
Tsukasa Mizushima
7 Comparative Perspectives on the Intraregional Networks of Indian Merchants: A Review of the Match Economy from the Perspective of the State and “Big Business”
Takashi Oishi

Section 2 : Japan and Its Colonies

8 The Asian Merchants’ Networks and Japan’s Trade Recovery from the Great Depression in the 1930s
Naoto Kagotani
9 Culture, Market, and State Power: Taiwanese Investment in Southeast Asia, 1895–1945
Man-houng Lin

Section 3 : The Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China

10 Structure and Flexibility in Chinese Merchant Networks: Chinese Chambers of Commerce Overseas in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
Laixing Chen
11 Chinese Migration in Northeast Asia, 1860–1945
Takako Ueda
Scholars and students of history; Economists, economics major students, business school professors and students; and Scholars of other disciplines interested in the global economy, migration, and governance, especially in Asia.
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