Identifying a Free Society

Conditions and Indicators

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In Identifying a Free Society Milan Zafirovski offers a holistic sociological approach to modern free society as a total social system. The book examines the main conditions and indicators of modern free society such as democracy, a free economy, a free culture, and a free civil society, hence political, economic, cultural, and individual liberty entwined with equality and justice. It provides specific and aggregate free-society estimates for Western and related societies based on a variety of objective rankings, data, and reports. On the basis of these estimates, the book identifies liberal societies as the freest as a whole, and their anti-liberal opposites as the most unfree.
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Biographical Note

Milan Zafirovski, Ph.D. (1999), Florida International University, is professor of Sociology at University of North Texas. He has published numerous articles and monographs in sociology and related fields, including Modernity and Terrorism (Brill, 2013).

Table of contents

Acknowledgement
List of Illustrations

1 Introduction: Modern Free Society
 The Free, Freer, Freest Modern Society and Societies
 Democracy, Capitalism, and Modern Free Society
   Liberty, Equality, and Justice in Modern Free Society
 Definition and Specification of Modern Free Society
   Modern Free Society and the Type of Democracy
   Modern Free Society and the Type of Economy
   Modern Free Society and the Type of Culture
   Modern Free Society and the Type of Civil Society
 Modern Free Society in Aggregate
   Modern Free Society versus Unfree and Pseudo-Free Societies
 Classification of Modern Societies
 Organization of the Work

2 The Political Condition and Indicator of Modern Free Society—Democracy
 Conditions and Indicators of Democracy
   Formal-Procedural Democracy
   Substantive-Effective Democracy
 Comparative Estimates and Types of Democracy
 Classification of Modern Political Systems
 Comparative Estimates of Democracy for Western and Related Societies
   A Note on Liberal Democracies and Welfare States

3 Sources and Grounds for Democracy Estimates
 Aggregate Estimates of Democracy
 Freedoms, Rights, and Opportunities to Political Participation
 Ideological-Political Pluralism and Competition
 Effective Universal Political and Civil Liberties
 Effective Democratic Rule
   State Terror
   Imprisonment and Executions as Elements of State Terror
 Effective Freedom of Opinion and Dissent
   Global Press Freedoms
 Effective Universalism, Equality, and Justice of Government Goods and Sanctions
   Universalism and Egalitarianism in Public Goods
   Justice of Government Sanctions
 Peace in the Polity and Pacifism
   Peace Estimates
   Pacifism versus Militarism Estimates
   Militarism versus Democracy—The Persistent ‘Janus Face of the West’?
 Appendix 3.1 Qualitative Considerations of Political Freedoms

4 The Economic Condition and Indicator of Modern Free Society—A Free Economy
 Conditions and Indicators of a Free Economy
 Conditions and Indicators of a Free Economy and Types of Capitalism
 Classification of Modern Economic Systems
 Comparative Estimates of a Free Economy for Western and Related Societies

5 Sources and Grounds for Free Economy Estimates
 General Considerations
 Property Freedoms and Rights
 Free Trade and Freedom of Foreign Investment
 Labor Freedom and Agency
 Labor Rights, Rewards, and Benefits
   Global Labor Rights
   Labor Rewards and Benefits
 Freedom of Movement of Labor
 Appendix 5.1 Qualitative Considerations of Economic

6 The Cultural Condition and Indicator of Modern Free Society—A Free Culture
 Conditions and Indicators of a Free Culture
 Types of Culture and Comparative Estimates of Cultural Liberty
 Classification of Modern Cultures
 Comparative Estimates of Free Culture for Western and Related Societies

7 Sources and Grounds for Free Culture Estimates
 Artistic Liberties and Rights
 Scientific/Academic Freedoms and Rights
 Educational Freedoms and Rights
 Ideological and Religious Freedoms and Rights
 Culture Openness
 Appendix 7.1 Notes on Cultural Freedom Estimates for the us

8 The Civic Condition and Indicator of Modern Free Society—A Free Civil Society
 Conditions and Indicators of Free Civil Society
 Comparative Estimates and Types of Civil Society
 Classification of Modern Civil Societies
 Comparative Estimates of Free Civil Society for Western and Related Societies

9 Sources and Grounds for Free Civil Society Estimates
 Civil Liberties in General
 Individual Liberty and Privacy
 Reproductive Liberties and Rights
 Freedom of Alcohol Production, Distribution, and Consumption
 Freedom of Drug Production, Distribution, and Consumption
   The Death Penalty for Drug Offenses
 Sexual Freedoms and Rights
   Legal Status of Extramarital Sex
   Legal Status of Same-sex Marriage
   Legal Status of Prostitution
   Peace and Peaceful Conflict Resolution in Civil Society
 Appendix 9.1 Qualitative Considerations of Civil Liberties

10 Summary and Conclusion
 Summary of Findings
 Conclusions

References
Index

Readership

All interested in modern society, including democracy, economy, culture, and civil society, in particular in estimating and rankings of Western and related societies in terms of liberty and related criteria.

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